Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

What Is Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis?

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic, recurrent inflammatory eye condition that primarily affects children and adolescents. It is characterized by redness, itching, and foreign body sensation in the eyes. Other symptoms can include excessive tearing, pain, blurred vision, and a feeling like something is in the eyes. In some cases, a discharge may be present.

People with VKC are usually exposed to allergens that can trigger the symptoms. Common triggers include pollen, animal dander, mold, dust, and air pollution. VKC is more common in boys than girls and is often seen during warm weather months.

Symptoms of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

The primary symptom of VKC is redness of the eyes. This is usually accompanied by itching and foreign body sensation in the eyes. Other symptoms may include:

  • Excessive tearing
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Blurred vision
  • Feeling like something is in the eyes
  • Discharge

Treatment of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

Treatment for VKC usually involves avoiding allergens, using anti-inflammatory medications, and ocular lubricants. If the symptoms persist, prescription medications, such as corticosteroids or antihistamines, may be needed to manage the condition. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to reduce the inflammation and scarring.

In addition, some simple home remedies may be useful in relieving the symptoms of VKC. These include using cool compresses to soothe the eyes, avoiding rubbing the eyes, and using ocular lubricants to keep the eyes moist.