What is Tachyarrhythmia?

Tachyarrhythmia is a rapid or irregular heartbeat, typically defined as a heart rate of greater than 100 beats per minute (BPM). It is caused by abnormalities in the electrical impulses in the heart. Tachyarrhythmia can cause dizziness, tiredness, shortness of breath, chest pain, and fainting. It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of tachyarrhythmia and to seek medical attention if they occur.

Types of Tachyarrhythmias

There are several different types of tachyarrhythmias, including:

  • Atrial flutter
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Ventricular tachycardia
  • Supraventricular tachycardia
  • Ventricular fibrillation

Causes of Tachyarrhythmia

Tachyarrhythmia can be caused by a variety of factors including underlying health conditions, medications, alcohol or drug use, and physical stress. It can also be caused by electrical abnormalities in the heart due to a heart attack, a genetic condition, or a damaged artery.

Risk Factors for Tachyarrhythmias

Certain people are more likely to develop tachyarrhythmia including those with:

  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal heart valves
  • Heart failure
  • Electrolyte imbalances
  • Diabetes
  • Infections
  • Intense physical activity
  • Certain drugs or alcohol

Treatments for Tachyarrhythmia

Treatment for tachyarrhythmia will vary depending on the cause and type of arrhythmia. Some forms of tachyarrhythmia can be treated with medications, lifestyle modifications, or medical devices such as pacemakers. Surgery may be necessary for more serious forms of tachyarrhythmia.