Stomach Tumor

What is a Stomach Tumor?

A stomach tumor is an abnormal growth of cells found in the stomach or a part of the digestive system. Many of these tumors are benign (noncancerous), generally slow-growing, and can often be treated with surgery or medication. But some can be malignant (cancerous), often aggressive, and difficult to treat.

Types of Stomach Tumors

There are two main types of stomach tumors: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and Adenocarcinomas. GISTs are the most common type of stomach tumors. They are usually benign, slow-growing, and easily treatable with surgery. Adenocarcinomas are a type of cancer, that can spread to other parts of the body and can be difficult to treat.

Symptoms of Stomach Tumors

Common symptoms of stomach tumors may include:

  • Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss
  • Fatigue, weakness
  • Blood in the stool

Causes of Stomach Tumors

The exact cause of stomach tumors is unknown. They can occur as a result of genetics, certain environmental factors (such as smoking and alcohol use), or other medical conditions such as stomach ulcers. Some medical treatments, such as radiation therapy, may also increase the risk of developing stomach tumors.

Diagnosing Stomach Tumors

To diagnose a stomach tumor, doctors will use one or more tests including:

  • CT or MRI scans to look for any suspicious masses
  • X-rays to help evaluate the size and shape of the tumor
  • Endoscopy to examine the inside of your stomach
  • Biopsy to confirm the type of tumor

Treatment for Stomach Tumors

Treatment for stomach tumors will depend on the type and size of the tumor. Benign tumors can often be removed by surgery, while more aggressive tumors may require chemotherapy, radiation, or other treatments.

If you or a loved one are experiencing any symptoms of a stomach tumor, it’s important to speak with your doctor. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can help keep the tumor from progressing and causing serious complications.