Severe Melasma

What is Severe Melasma?

Severe melisma, also known as chloasma, is a form of skin discoloration that creates dark, patchy areas on the skin. It is caused by an excess of the skin pigment called melanin, resulting in brown or gray marks, usually on the face. It is most common in women, and is often triggered by hormonal changes, particularly pregnancy, as well as ultraviolet (UV) exposure, medications, and genetics.

Signs and Symptoms

Severe melisma typically appears on sun-exposed areas of the skin, such as the forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin. It can also affect other parts of the body such as the neck, chest, and arms. It can present as a single dark patch or mottled discoloration, and can vary in intensity from light to dark.

Treatment and Prevention

Treating severe melisma can be challenging, and often requires a combination of treatments such as topical creams, laser treatments, chemical peels, or dermabrasion. It is important to consult a dermatologist for an individualized treatment plan. Additionally, sun protection is essential in managing and preventing melisma, so wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 is recommended.

Home Remedies for Severe Melasma

Although there is no definitive cure for melasma, there are a few lifestyle and home remedies that may help to reduce the appearance of the patches. These include:

  • Using sunscreen regularly and avoiding UV exposure
  • Applying a topical cream containing hydroquinone, retinoid, or corticosteroids
  • Consuming a diet rich in antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium
  • Using natural skin lightening products, such as licorice extract, kojic acid, and lemon juice
  • Applying a cooled yogurt or oatmeal mask to the skin
  • Applying aloe vera, coconut oil, or apple cider vinegar to dark spots