Severe Hyperlipidemia

Severe Hyperlipidemia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Hyperlipidemia is a condition caused by an elevated level of fatty substances, called lipids, in the blood. Severe hyperlipidemia, sometimes referred to as severe dyslipidemia, is a condition in which the levels of lipids, especially cholesterol, triglycerides and other lipoproteins, become abnormally elevated. This puts individuals at an increased risk for developing conditions related to their elevated lipid levels.

Causes of Severe Hyperlipidemia

Several leading factors can lead to severe hyperlipidemia. These include an unhealthy diet, obesity, and lack of regular physical activity. These lifestyle choices can all contribute to elevated levels of lipids in the blood. In some cases, genetics can also be a major factor.

In addition, certain medications, such as birth control and steroids, can contribute to significant increases in blood lipid levels.

Symptoms of Severe Hyperlipidemia

Severe hyperlipidemia is often asymptomatic, and so it is important to check cholesterol and triglyceride levels regularly, as well as to follow up with regular check-ups and blood work. High levels of fatty substances in the blood can eventually lead to conditions such as atherosclerosis and stroke, so it is important to identify and manage any underlying causes or contributing factors.

Treatment of Severe Hyperlipidemia

Treatment of severe hyperlipidemia typically consists of a combination of lifestyle modifications, including dietary changes and increased physical activity, as well as medication to control lipid levels. Depending on the patient’s particular case, the doctor will determine the best treatment approach to take. In some cases, lifestyle changes can be enough to lower the patient’s risk, while in other cases, medication may be necessary.

  • Change in diet: Lowering saturated fat and cholesterol intake while increasing fiber and eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  • Increase physical activity: Establishing a regular exercise routine that includes both aerobic and resistance exercise for at least 30 minutes per day.
  • Medication: Taking statin medications to lower cholesterol and/or medications to lower triglycerides.
  • Quitting Smoking: Cigarette smoking can negatively affect cholesterol and triglyceride levels.