Severe Contact dermatitis

Severe Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a common form of skin inflammation or irritation that occurs when the skin comes in contact with an allergen or irritant. It is often red, scaly, and itchy. Severe contact dermatitis, however, is a more severe form of contact dermatitis that affects a larger area of the skin, lasts for an extended period of time, and can lead to more serious symptoms. It is important to be aware of potential irritants and allergens to avoid getting severe contact dermatitis.

Causes of Severe Contact Dermatitis

A range of allergens or irritants may cause contact dermatitis. Common causes of severe contact dermatitis include:

  • certain materials, such as latex, nickel, formaldehyde, and polyester
  • chemicals found in soaps, detergents, or creams
  • plants, such as poison ivy, oak, and sumac
  • medicines, such as antibiotics
  • perfumes
  • solvents

Symptoms of Severe Contact Dermatitis

The symptoms of severe contact dermatitis may include:

  • Intense itching, burning, or stinging sensation
  • Red, swollen bumps or blister like lesions
  • Oozing or crusting of the skin
  • Discoloration or scaling of the skin
  • Thickened or leathery patches of skin
  • Pain and tenderness of the affected area

Treatment of Severe Contact Dermatitis

Treatment of severe contact dermatitis depends on the cause. Avoiding exposure to the irritant or allergen is the best way to prevent and treat severe contact dermatitis. If an allergen or irritant cannot be avoided, treatment may include:

  • Topical ointments or creams to soothe the itch and reduce inflammation
  • Oral antihistamines to reduce itching and inflammation
  • Oral antibiotics, if needed, to treat any secondary infections
  • Oral corticosteroids to reduce the inflammation and itching
  • Eliminating the allergen or irritant from your environment, if possible

It is important to seek medical treatment for severe contact dermatitis as soon as possible to prevent further irritation and infection. Your doctor can help you determine the cause of the severe contact dermatitis so you can take steps to avoid it in the future.