Scedosporium Infection

Scedosporium Infection Overview

Scedosporium infection is a type of fungi infection, caused by an organism known as Scedosporiun apiospermum, Scedosporium prolificans, and Scedosporium aurantacium. These fungi are often found in fresh water and moist soil. They can also be found in plants and other living materials. Scedosporium infections can range in severity depending on the type of Scedosporium fungus present and where the infection is located in the body.

Signs and Symptoms of Scedosporium Infection

The signs and symptoms of Scedosporium infection depend on the part of the body affected. In general, symptoms often include fever, swelling, pain, and redness of the skin around the area of infection. In some cases, there can also be pus drainage from the area.

Causes of Scedosporium Infection

Scedosporium infection usually occurs when the fungus enters the body through a wound or by inhalation. The fungus can also enter through surgery or a medical device. Once in the body, the fungus can grow and spread. Those with a weakened immune system, such as people living with HIV, are at a higher risk of developing a Scedosporium infection.

Diagnosis of Scedosporium Infection

To diagnose a Scedosporium infection, a doctor may perform a physical exam of the affected area and collect a sample of any pus that may be present. The collected sample would be sent to a laboratory for further testing. The tests would usually include blood tests and microscopic examination of the sample.

Treatment of Scedosporium Infection

Treatment for Scedosporium infection usually includes antifungal medications, such as itraconazole and voriconazole. In some cases, surgery may be needed to clear out the infection or remove any underlying cause of the infection. It is important to note that treatment can take several weeks or even months and should be completed to prevent a recurrence of the infection.

Prevention of Scedosporium Infection

The best way to prevent a Scedosporium infection is to avoid contact with the fungus. This includes avoiding contact with moist soil and fresh water, as well as avoiding any unnecessary medical procedures, such as surgery. People with weakened immune systems should wear protective clothing and take any prescribed medications to help prevent infection.

Complications of Scedosporium Infection

Complications of a Scedosporium infection can range from mild to serious. Common complications include skin ulcers, abscesses, and joint inflammation. In extreme cases, the infection can spread to the brain or other organs and lead to more serious complications.

Risk Factors for Scedosporium Infection

  • Weakened immune system
  • Exposure to moist soil
  • Exposure to fresh water
  • Certain medications
  • Surgery or medical procedures
  • Skin injuries or wounds