Scalp seborrhea

What is Scalp Seborrhea?

Seborrhea is a skin disorder that can affect scalp, face and other parts of the body. It is characterized by the excessive production and accumulation of an oily substance known as sebum. This substance is secreted by the sebaceous glands, which are present in every one of us. It is a normal part of the skin's protective mechanism and helps keep it moisturized.

When too much sebum is produced, it may cause seborrhea. This condition creates yellowish, greasy scales and sometimes reddish patches of skin. In severe cases, itching may be present. Seborrhea of the scalp can affect both adults and children. When it occurs in childhood, it is known as “cradle cap.”

Symptoms of Scalp Seborrhea

The most common symptoms of scalp seborrhea include:

  • Greasy, yellowish body scales that are usually confined to the scalp
  • Itchy and flaky scalp
  • Red patches of skin
  • Pimples on the scalp
  • Hair loss

Causes of Scalp Seborrhea

The causes of scalp seborrhea are not fully understood. It is thought to be related to a combination of environmental and genetic factors, and is often linked to an overgrowth of a yeast called Malassezia. This yeast is a normal part of the skin's composition but can become overactive in certain conditions. In some cases, it has been linked to stress, hormonal changes, poor diet, weakened immune system, certain medication, and existing skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Treatment of Scalp Seborrhea

Treatment depends on the type and severity of the condition. Mild cases of scalp seborrhea can often be managed with gentle shampoos and moisturizers. These products can help control the symptoms and relieve itching. Medicated shampoos containing antifungals, salicylic acid, and ketoconazole are also available and may be prescribed by a doctor.

More severe cases of scalp seborrhea may require topical or oral medications. Antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory agents may be prescribed to treat the underlying condition and reduce symptoms. It is important to follow the doctor's instructions and use the medications as prescribed to prevent recurrence of the condition.