What Is Sarcoma?

Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that begins in the cells of connective tissue, such as bones, muscles, and cartilage. Sarcoma can occur almost anywhere in the body, including organs, tissues, and the lining of the abdomen, chest, and heart. One of the features of sarcoma is that it can quickly spread to other parts of the body.

Types of Sarcoma

There are several types of sarcoma, which are divided into two main categories: benign tumors and malignant tumors.

  • Benign Tumor: A benign tumor does not spread and is not cancerous, so it will usually not spread to other parts of the body.
  • Malignant Tumor: A malignant tumor is made up of cancer cells and can spread to other areas of the body, making it more dangerous.


Treatment for sarcoma varies depending on the type and location of the tumor, as well as the stage of the cancer and the age and overall health of the patient. Treatment options can include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of these.


The exact cause of sarcoma is still unknown, so there is no sure way to prevent it. However, there are some steps that can be taken to reduce the risk, such as avoiding sun exposure and wearing protective clothing when outside.