Ringworm of the scalp

What is Ringworm of the Scalp?

Ringworm of the scalp, or tinea capitis, is a highly contagious fungal skin infection, caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes, which attack the scalp and hair follicles. This condition is common among children, as they share hats and combs in school, and can even be spread through close contact with pets. Symptoms of ringworm of the scalp may include red patches on the scalp, scaling, broken hair, bald patches, and eventually a ring-shaped rash.

Causes of Ringworm of the Scalp

The fungal infection that causes ringworm of the scalp is spread by direct contact with infected people, pets, and objects such as hats and combs. The fungi thrive in warm, moist environment, and can survive on languages.

Symptoms of Ringworm of the Scalp

Common symptoms of ringworm of the scalp include:

  • Red patchy scaly skin on the scalp, leading to bald patches
  • Broken hair
  • Crusts and blisters
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Itching

Diagnosis and Treatment of Ringworm of the Scalp

Ringworm of the scalp is usually diagnosed through a physical examination, although sometimes a scalp sample may be taken and examined under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment may include antifungal shampoos, lotions and creams, as well as oral antifungal medications. It is important to treat the condition as soon as possible to prevent scalp scarring and hair loss.