Rhinitis: What is it and How it's Treated

Rhinitis is a disease of the nose and the throat which is characterized by an inflammation of the nose and throat lining caused by an allergic reaction. When someone has rhinitis, they experience a number of symptoms, such as:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Itchy nose, throat, and eyes
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Coughing
  • Postnasal drip
  • Headaches
  • Dark circles under the eyes

Rhinitis can be caused by a number of different factors, including pollens, animal dander, dust mites, mold, and certain foods. It can also be caused by cold air, cigarette smoke, air pollution, and certain medications. Rhinitis often occurs in people with allergies, asthma, and other respiratory ailments.

There are a number of treatments available for rhinitis. These include medications, nasal sprays, decongestants, antihistamines, immunotherapy, and lifestyle changes. Medications are usually prescribed to reduce inflammation and help control the symptoms of rhinitis. Nasal sprays can help reduce inflammation and help clear the mucus from the nose, while decongestants can help open up the airways and reduce symptoms of congestion. Antihistamines can help reduce the production of histamine, a chemical that triggers allergic reactions, while immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, can help reduce the sensitivity to allergens.

Lifestyle changes can also be helpful in treating rhinitis. Avoiding allergens and irritants, limiting exposure to smoke and air pollution, and using a humidifier are all measures that can be taken to reduce the symptoms of rhinitis. Some people find relief by using natural remedies, such as nasal irrigation, steam inhalation, and dietary supplements.

If you think you may have rhinitis, it is important to speak to your doctor as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment. Speak to your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms listed above. It is important to find the underlying cause of your condition and to determine the best course of treatment for you.