What is Hypermagnesemia?

Hypermagnesemia is a condition where the levels of magnesium in the body are too high. It can be classified into two conditions, acute and chronic. The former occurs when a sudden increase in magnesium intake causes an abrupt rise in levels, while the latter is due to prolonged periods of elevated magnesium concentrations in the blood.

When magnesium levels remain elevated for a long period of time, it can cause serious health issues, such as kidney and heart problems. Other symptoms of the condition can include low blood pressure, nausea, and confusion.

Causes of Hypermagnesemia

Hypermagnesemia is usually caused by the ingestion of excessive amounts of magnesium, either through supplements or food. People with impaired kidney function are also at risk of developing the condition.

In rare cases, hypermagnesemia can be caused by underlying health issues, such as Addison's disease or multiple endocrine neoplasia. Treatment for these conditions may result in an increase of magnesium levels in the body.

Diagnosis of Hypermagnesemia

If you are experiencing any symptoms associated with hypermagnesemia, it is important to get tested for the condition. Your health care provider may perform a simple blood test to check for high levels of magnesium in the body. If the test results show elevated magnesium levels, then further tests may be needed to determine the cause.

Treatment of Hypermagnesemia

The main goal of treatment for hypermagnesemia is to reduce the levels of magnesium in the body. The exact treatment will depend on the individual, as well as the cause of the condition. Common treatments include:

  • Reducing magnesium intake through diet: Your health care provider may advise you to reduce the amount of magnesium-rich foods or supplements that you take.
  • Fluid therapy: Ensuring adequate hydration can help to flush out excess magnesium from the body.
  • Medication: Certain diuretics, such as mannitol, can be used to reduce magnesium levels in the body.

In severe cases of hypermagnesemia, dialysis may be necessary to flush out the excess magnesium from the body.