Postpartum Endometritis

What is Postpartum Endometritis?

Postpartum endometritis is a type of infection that can occur after childbirth. It affects the lining of the uterus (endometrium), and can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms. If left untreated, it can lead to infertility or other serious complications.

Endometritis is most common in women who have had a cesarean section, but it can also happen after vaginal deliveries. It occurs in about 1 in 10 pregnant women who deliver vaginally, and in up to 25 percent of women who deliver by c-section.


Symptoms of postpartum endometritis will vary, but may include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Vaginal bleeding or discharge that is yellow, green, or foul-smelling
  • General feeling of not being well


Postpartum endometritis is typically diagnosed with a physical examination, including a pelvic examination and a review of your medical history. Your health care provider may also take a swab from your uterus, which will be tested for bacteria or other organisms.


Treatment for postpartum endometritis usually involves antibiotics administered either orally or through intravenous injections. In some cases, additional treatments may be recommended, such as draining any abscesses or removing any dead tissue caused by the infection. It is important to take all medications as prescribed by your health care provider. Additionally, it is important to drink plenty of fluids and rest as much as possible.


The best way to prevent postpartum endometritis is to practice proper hygiene during and after childbirth. This includes washing your hands often, using sanitary wipes for hygiene after childbirth, and changing your sanitary pads regularly. It is also important to seek medical attention immediately if you experience any of the symptoms listed above.