Periodontal Diseases

Periodontal Diseases: A Comprehensive Guide

Periodontal diseases are an umbrella term for a broad range of diseases that can affect the structures around and supporting the teeth, such as the gums, ligaments, and bones. Without proper treatment, periodontal diseases can lead to gum recession, loose teeth, and ultimately, tooth loss.

Common symptoms of periodontal diseases include:

  • Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Tender or swollen gums

These diseases are caused by a buildup of plaque on teeth and gums and can eventually lead to an infection. The most common type of periodontal diseases is gingivitis and it can cause inflammation and occasional bleeding of the gums. Left untreated, gingivitis can progress to the more serious periodontal disease periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a serious stage of periodontal disease and is caused by irregular plaque buildup and an overgrowth of bacteria. This disease affects the supporting bones and tissues that hold the teeth in place. The bacteria can cause serious damage, resulting in erosion of the supportive bone structure and eventually, tooth loss. Periodontitis requires more intensive treatment than gingivitis in order to restore the supportive structure of the teeth and prevent further disease progression and tooth loss.

The best way to prevent and treat periodontal diseases is to maintain good oral hygiene habits. This includes brushing teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist twice a year for thorough cleanings. Additionally, quitting smoking and avoiding sugary foods and drinks can also help prevent the onset and progression of periodontal diseases.

If you’re experiencing any of the above symptoms, it’s important to see a dentist right away. The sooner a dentist can diagnose and treat periodontal diseases, the better the outcome will be. Treatment may include deep cleaning, scaling, and root planing, as well as medications and surgery, depending on the severity of the disease.