Ocular Inflammation

Ocular Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Ocular inflammation, also known as uveitis, is an inflammation of the eye that can lead to severe vision loss. It occurs when the eye is exposed to an irritating substance or when an autoimmune disorder is present. Common symptoms include redness, pain, vision changes and even swelling of the eye.

There are several types of ocular inflammation, depending on the cause of the inflammation. This can include infectious uveitis, autoimmune uveitis, allergic uveitis, toxic uveitis, trauma-related uveitis, benign white dot syndromes, and endophthalmitis. Each type of inflammation has different symptoms and treatments.

Causes of Ocular Inflammation

  • Infectious causes, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites
  • Allergic reactions or irritants
  • Autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Traumatic injuries
  • Certain drugs and medications

Signs and Symptoms of Ocular Inflammation

  • Redness of the eye and surrounding area
  • Light sensitivity and pain
  • Blurry vision or double vision
  • Dark floating spots in the vision
  • Swelling of the eye structures

Treatment Options for Ocular Inflammation

  • Topical corticosteroids to reduce swelling and inflammation
  • Systemic corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Mast cell stabilizers to reduce irritation and inflammation
  • Immunosuppressive medications
  • Surgery

Treatment for ocular inflammation depends on the underlying cause. The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation and prevent further damage to the eye. An ophthalmologist or optometrist can help you determine the best treatment option for your specific condition.