Moderate Nosocomial pneumonia

What is Moderate Nosocomial Pneumonia?

Nosocomial pneumonia is the most common nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infection. It is an infection of the lower respiratory tract caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi that enters the body when a person is in the hospital. Moderate nosocomial pneumonia is a form of the infection that causes more severe symptoms than other forms.

Causes of Moderate Nosocomial Pneumonia

The most common causes of moderate nosocomial pneumonia are certain bacteria, including staphylococci, streptococci, Klebsiella, E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii. It is usually caused by bacteria that are present in the environment or on the patient's own skin.

Symptoms of Moderate Nosocomial Pneumonia

The symptoms of moderate nosocomial pneumonia are usually more severe than those of other forms of nosocomial pneumonia.Symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Cough with phlegm or pus
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea/vomiting

Diagnosis & Treatment of Moderate Nosocomial Pneumonia

Diagnosis of moderate nosocomial pneumonia usually includes a physical examination, a chest X-ray, a complete blood count, and sputum and blood cultures. Treatment includes antibiotics and can involve hospitalization. Most patients will recover fully from the infection.

Preventing Moderate Nosocomial Pneumonia

The best way to prevent moderate nosocomial pneumonia is to practice good infection control. This includes proper hand hygiene, using appropriate protective equipment when in contact with patients, and following strict cleaning protocols for medical equipment and the patient's room. It is also important to follow up with antibiotic therapy to ensure that the infection does not return.