Metastatic Endometrial cancer

What is Metastatic Endometrial Cancer?

Metastatic endometrial cancer is a rare but aggressive form of cancer that occurs when the cancer has spread beyond the uterus. Endometrial cancers typically form in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. In metastatic endometrial cancer, the tumor has spread to other areas of the body. This metastasis could include the ovaries, cervix, vagina, and rarely, other organs such as the lungs or liver.

Symptoms of Metastatic Endometrial Cancer

The symptoms of metastatic endometrial cancer depend on where the cancer has spread. Common symptoms of endometrial cancer include unusual vaginal bleeding, pain or pressure in the pelvis, and bloating.

In metastatic cases, common symptoms may include abdominal swelling, pain, and weight loss. Some patients may experience other symptoms such as fatigue, vomiting, and anemia.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Metastatic Endometrial Cancer

If your physician becomes suspicious that the cancer has spread beyond your uterus, they may order tests such as an abdominal and/or pelvic CT scan, or an MRI to detect any possible spread or tumors in other areas. A biopsy may also be ordered to confirm a diagnosis.

Treating metastatic endometrial cancer is often very challenging and complex. Treatment typically involves surgery, in conjunction with hormone therapy and/or radiation, and sometimes chemotherapy. Some newer treatments for metastatic endometrial cancer include targeted therapies and immunotherapies.

Risks and Prevention of Metastatic Endometrial Cancer

Metastatic endometrial cancer is very rare, accounting for less than 5% of all endometrial cancer cases. Risk factors for endometrial cancer include age, obesity, diabetes, and genetics. As with other types of cancer, early detection and diagnosis are the key for successful treatment.

Preventive measures for endometrial cancer include regular pelvic exams, routine mammograms, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, with a balanced diet and regular exercise.