High grade newly diagnosed Glioma

High Grade Newly Diagnosed Glioma

Glioma is the most common form of primary brain cancer in adults. Gliomas are highly heterogeneous tumors composed of abnormal cells that originate from the supportive tissue of the brain and spine. High grade gliomas are considered the most malignant of these tumors and have a poor survival rate, with most patients dying within a few years of diagnosis.

High grade gliomas (HGG) can be further divided into two subtypes: anaplastic and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Anaplastic glioma is an intermediate stage between low and high grade gliomas, with the most aggressive type being GBM. It is the most common and aggressive type of glioma, and is thought to arise from glial cells or astrocytes. The tumor invades surrounding brain tissue, making it difficult to treat, and the prognosis is typically poor, with a median survival time of about 14 months.

Diagnosis of HGG begins with imaging studies like MRI and CT scans or tissue biopsy. Treatment of HGG usually includes surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible, radiation and chemotherapy to slow tumor growth and reduce tumor cells, and sometimes targeted therapy to suppress the ability of cancer cells to survive and spread. The type of treatment given depends on the type and location of the tumor, and the patient’s age and overall health.

Diet and lifestyle modifications are also important in managing HGG. Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and getting adequate rest are all essential for maintaining good health. Also, it is important to stay informed about the latest developments in the treatment, and to keep an open dialogue with your healthcare provider.

Tips for Newly Diagnosed Glioma Patients:

  • Seek out a support group or find a friend or family member who understands what you are going through
  • Educate yourself about HGG and its treatment options
  • Find information on the side effects of treatment and ways to manage them
  • Ask questions and get answers from your healthcare provider
  • Find ways to manage stress and fatigue
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Pay attention to warning signs and report them to your healthcare provider
  • Stay positive and keep hope