Endometrial Carcinoma

Endometrial Carcinoma

Endometrial carcinoma is a type of cancer that arises from the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The abnormal growth of cells in the endometrium causes this type of cancer. It is the most common type of uterine cancer and primarily affects postmenopausal women. It accounts for 6 to 7 out of 10 uterine cancers.

According to the American Cancer Society, endometrial cancer has the highest incidence rate among gynecologic malignancies in developed countries.


The most common symptoms of endometrial cancer are abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, pelvic pain or pressure, and pain during urination. These symptoms may vary depending on the stage of the cancer. Early diagnosis is important for successful treatment.

Risk Factors

A number of factors can increase the risk of endometrial cancer. These include:

  • Age - being over 50 years old
  • Being overweight or obese
  • High levels of estrogen in the body
  • Having diabetes
  • Having endometrial hyperplasia (thickened or irregular endometrium)
  • Having a family history of endometrial cancer
  • Having a history of infertility or frequent miscarriages
  • Having a mother or grandmother who has taken estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy for more than 8 years

Diagnosis and Treatment

Doctors may use various methods to diagnose endometrial cancer. These include pelvic exams, ultrasound, endometrial biopsy, computed tomography (CT) scan, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Treatment for endometrial cancer may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. The choice of treatment depends on the stage and grade of the cancer.


Endometrial cancer is a serious disease that can cause serious health complications if not treated on time. Knowing the risk factors and symptoms can help doctors with early diagnosis and successful treatment. If you experience any of the symptoms above, seek medical advice from your doctor immediately.