Dermatomycoses: Overview and Treatment

Dermatomycoses, also known as dermatophytosis, is a term used to describe a broad spectrum of fungal infections that occur on the skin, hair, and nails. These infections are typically caused by dermatophytes, a type of fungus that is found primarily in the top layer of the skin.

The most common dermatomycoses infections are: tinea corporis, tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea cruris (jock itch), tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp), tinea unguium (onychomycosis or nail infection), and tinea barbae.

Dermatomycoses is usually passed on through direct skin-to-skin contact with an infected person or animal. Less commonly, these infections can be spread through contact with contaminated surfaces such as clothing, swimming pools, bathrooms, and gym equipment. It is also possible to pick up these fungal infections from contaminated soil.

Signs and Symptoms of Dermatomycoses

The signs and symptoms of Dermatomycoses vary depending on the type of infection. Common symptoms include:

  • Itching, burning, or pain
  • Redness or rash
  • Scaling or flaking of the skin
  • Discoloration of the skin or nails
  • Brittle or thickened nails
  • Blisters or sores

Treatment of Dermatomycoses

Similar to other fungal infections, Dermatomycoses can often be treated with topical antifungals in the form of creams, gels, sprays, and powders. In more severe cases, oral antifungals may need to be used.

In addition to antifungal medications, it is important to practice good hygiene habits to prevent further spread of the infection. This includes washing affected areas daily with mild soap and water, changing socks and underwear regularly, keeping nails trimmed short, and wearing breathable clothing.