Cushing's Syndrome

What is Cushing's Syndrome?

Cushing's Syndrome is a rare disorder that is caused by an excess production of a hormone called cortisol. Cortisol is an important hormone in the body as it helps to control stress and many other processes. When too much cortisol is made, the body can be overwhelmed resulting in Cushing's Syndrome.

Symptoms of Cushing's Syndrome

The most common symptoms of Cushing's Syndrome include:

  • Weight gain, particularly in the face, neck, and abdomen
  • High blood pressure
  • Thinning of the skin, easy bruising, and purple stretch marks on the abdomen, thighs, and/or arms
  • Fatigue
  • High blood sugar levels
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Irritability or mood swings
  • Decreased fertility
  • Muscle weakness

Causes of Cushing's Syndrome

Cushing's Syndrome is typically caused by excessive cortisol hormone produced due to several underlying causes, including:

  • Certain medications, particularly steroids
  • Medical conditions such as tumors orpituitary gland dysfunction
  • Excessive stress
  • Overexposure tocorticosteroids

Treatment of Cushing's Syndrome

Treatment of Cushing's Syndrome typically involves addressing the underlying cause. This may include surgical removal of a tumor or cyst, or discontinuing medications that may be causing the syndrome. In cases of excess stress, treatment may involve stress management and lifestyle changes. Medications may be prescribed to help reduce the amount of cortisol in the body. Surgery may also be recommended if the source of the cortisol is a tumor that cannot be reduced with medication.