What is Coagulopathy?

Coagulopathy is a condition where the blood’s ability to clot is impaired. Normally, when an injury occurs the body forms a clot to stop the bleeding and begin the healing process. But if you have coagulopathy, your blood may not clot properly, leading to excessive and prolonged bleeding.

Causes of Coagulopathy

Coagulopathy can be caused by any number of issues with the clotting process. These can include deficiencies in clotting factors, a problem with platelets, abnormal proteins that are needed to form clots, and other diseases or conditions that interfere with the clotting process. Other causes of coagulopathy include deficiency in essential vitamins or nutrients, liver problems, certain medications, and some cancer treatments.

Symptoms of Coagulopathy

Symptoms of coagulopathy can range from mild to severe. Common symptoms include:

  • Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • Easy bruising
  • Bleeding gums
  • Bleeding that stops and starts again
  • Bloody vomit or stool
  • Red- or brown-colored urine
  • Sudden, severe vision problems or reduced vision in one or both eyes

Diagnosis and Treatment of Coagulopathy

Your doctor can diagnose coagulopathy with a blood test. Based on your results and symptoms, he or she may order additional tests to look for underlying medical conditions. Treatment for coagulopathy varies among individuals, but may include taking clotting factor concentrates, platelet transfusions, vitamin K, or other medications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat the cause of the condition.