Bone Loss

What Causes Bone Loss?

Bone loss, or osteoporosis, is a condition characterized by brittle bones that can lead to painful fractures and other long-term health complications. Bone loss can affect people of any age, but it's especially common among adults over the age of 50.

Knowing the underlying cause of bone loss can help you and your doctor create a treatment plan to slow or prevent any further damage to your bones. Here are the common causes of bone loss.


As you age, your bones can become thinner and more brittle. This process generally begins around the age of 30, although some people start to experience bone loss at an even younger age. As your body's bones weaken, you become more vulnerable to falls and other activities that can result in a fracture.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes can play a big role in bone loss. Women in particular can experience a rapid drop in estrogen at menopause, causing bone loss. Other hormones, such as parathyroid hormone, can also affect bone loss.

Insufficient Nutrition

A lack of nutrients in your diet can also contribute to bone loss. Calcium and Vitamin D are especially important for healthy bones. If you don't get enough of these essential nutrients, your bones can weaken over time.

Lack of Exercise

Physical activity helps maintain the bone's strength, so without regular exercise, your bones can lose their strength and density. Even just a few minutes of exercise a day can go a long way toward helping your bones stay strong and healthy.

Certain Medications and Medical Conditions

Certain medications, such as steroids and anticonvulsants, can lead to bone loss. Other medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism or celiac disease, can also cause bone loss. It's important to talk to your healthcare provider about any medications or conditions that could contribute to bone loss.

Bone loss can lead to painful fractures and other serious health complications. Understanding the common causes of bone loss can help you take steps to reduce your risk and protect your bones. If you think you may be at risk for bone loss, talk to your doctor about a prevention and treatment plan.