Acute Cystitis

Acute Cystitis

Acute cystitis is a urinary tract infection (UTI) that affects the bladder. It is a type of lower urinary tract infection (also known as a bladder infection) that is sudden and causes mild-to-severe discomfort. It is a common condition, particularly in women, and can usually be treated easily with antibiotics or other medications.

Cystitis is caused by a bacterial infection, usually from E. coli bacteria. It can also be caused by other types of bacteria, such as staphylococcus or Proteus. Risk factors for acute cystitis include sexual activity, recent urinary tract instrumentation, previous urinary tract infection, and use of a urinary catheter.

Symptoms of acute cystitis include a frequent and urgent need to urinate, a burning sensation or pain when urinating, cloudy or bloody urine, and sometimes a low-grade fever.

Treatments for acute cystitis include medications to reduce inflammation of the bladder, antibiotics, and drinking plenty of fluids. Drinking cranberry juice is often recommended as a way to treat a UTI. Drinking water may also help flush out bacteria from the bladder.

Preventing Acute Cystitis

It is important to maintain good hygiene to prevent bladder infections. Ways to reduce the risk of UTIs include:

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Urinate frequently
  • Wipe from front to back
  • Take showers instead of baths
  • Avoid bubble baths and soaps with dyes or fragrances that can irritate the area
  • Urinate after intercourse
  • Wear loose-fitting, cotton underwear