Tongue biopsy

What is Tongue Biopsy?

Tongue biopsy is a procedure where a small sample of tissue is taken from the tongue and examined for the presence of abnormal cells. The tongue biopsy is usually done when a patient has a potential or confirmed diagnosis of oral cancer. The sample is sent for laboratory analysis. It is important to accurately sample the tongue so that a diagnosis can be made.

Preparation For A Tongue biopsy

Before you undergo a tongue biopsy, you should make sure that you provide your doctor with detailed information about your health history. This should include any medical conditions, medications, allergies, and pregnancy status. You may also have to change medications before your appointment, so make sure that you speak to your doctor about your preparations for the biopsy.

Your doctor may also advise you to not eat or drink for several hours before the biopsy. Additionally, you should also make sure to arrange for someone to drive you home after the procedure, as you may experience some discomfort or lightheadedness after the procedure.

Types of Tongue Biopsy

The two main types of tongue biopsy are:

  • Incisional biopsy – This type of biopsy takes only a small sample of the affected area.
  • Excisional biopsy – This type of biopsy removes the entire affected area.

Procedure of Tongue Biopsy

During a tongue biopsy, your doctor will use a local anesthetic to numb the area where the sample will be taken. Your doctor will then use a scalpel to remove the sample or entire area of tissue, depending on the type of biopsy your doctor has ordered. The sample will then be sent for laboratory analysis.

The biopsy usually takes less than an hour and you should be able to go home shortly after the procedure is complete. You may experience some swelling and discomfort at the site of the biopsy, but this usually resolves within a few days.

Risks of Tongue Biopsy

Tongue biopsy is generally safe and there are very few risks associated with the procedure. Possible risks include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Scarring
  • Allergic reaction to the anesthetic

Why is Tongue Biopsy Performed?

Tongue biopsy is usually performed to diagnose oral cancer or to check for pre-cancerous changes in the tissue. A biopsy can help to confirm or rule out a diagnosis of oral cancer. It is important to note that a biopsy is not always necessary to diagnose oral cancer, and your doctor may recommend other tests instead.

When is Tongue Biopsy Performed?

A biopsy is usually only recommended when your doctor suspects that you may have oral cancer or pre-cancerous changes in the tissue. Other tests, such as imaging tests, may be recommended beforehand. your doctor may also recommend a biopsy if you have other risk factors for oral cancer, such as smoking or alcohol abuse.