Acute atopic conjunctivitis

What is Acute Atopic Conjunctivitis?

Acute atopic conjunctivitis is an eye condition that affects people with allergies. It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin tissue that lines the inner surface of the eyelids and covers the whites of the eyes. It is caused by an allergic reaction to pollen, dust mites, pet dander and other allergens.

It can cause a wide range of symptoms including red, itchy, watery eyes, and a feeling of burning or stinging. In severe cases, the eyes may become very swollen and inflamed. It is most common in people with atopic dermatitis (eczema), hay fever, and asthma.

Symptoms of Acute Atopic Conjunctivitis

The most common symptoms of acute atopic conjunctivitis include:

  • Redness of the eyes
  • Itching or burning sensation in the eyes
  • Swelling of the eyelids
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Tearing
  • Crusting of the eyelids at night

Causes of Acute Atopic Conjunctivitis

The main cause of acute atopic conjunctivitis is an allergic reaction to certain substances, such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and other allergens. It is thought that an overreaction of the immune system causes inflammation in the eye.

Treatment for Acute Atopic Conjunctivitis

The first line of treatment for acute atopic conjunctivitis is to avoid the allergens that trigger it. Keeping the eyes clean and free of any debris is important. Other treatments may include artificial tears, antihistamine eye drops, or steroid eye drops. In some cases, oral medications may be prescribed. Surgery may be necessary in severe cases.

Prognosis of Acute Atopic Conjunctivitis

Acute atopic conjunctivitis usually resolves on its own, but it can take weeks or months. Avoiding the triggers and getting treatment as soon as possible can help speed up recovery and reduce the severity of symptoms. With proper management and treatment, symptoms should improve over time.