Abdominal Pain caused by Gall Stones

Abdominal Pain Caused by Gall Stones

Gall stones, also known as cholelithiasis, are hardened deposits of bile, which is commonly formed in the gallbladder or the bile ducts. When these stones block the narrow ducts that lead from the gall bladder to the duodenum, the small intestine, then abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating and indigestion, fever and jaundice are the common symptoms which occur.

Gallstones are caused by an imbalance in the fluid composition of bile and the crystallization of cholesterol and other substances present in bile. People who are overweight or have a family history of gallstones are at higher risk of developing them.

What Are The Symptoms?

The main symptom of gall stones is abdominal pain, which is usually centered in the right side of your abdomen and may vary in intensity. Other common symptoms include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Indigestion
  • Fever
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)

In some cases, gallstones may cause no symptoms at all. However, your doctor may still recommend treatment if your risk of developing a complication is high.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Your doctor will usually be able to diagnose gallstones through a physical examination and an ultrasound imaging test. Depending on the nature and size of the stones, your doctor may recommend either surgery or medical therapy. Surgery is the traditional method of treating gallstones and involves removing the gall bladder. In some cases, doctors may prescribe medications or diet and lifestyle modifications to dissolve the gallstones naturally.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of gall stones, it is important to see your doctor as soon as possible. With proper diagnosis and treatment, most people are able to manage their abdominal pain and live a healthy life.