Alargol Syrup, Tablet

Cetirizine is a potent and highly selective antagonist of the peripheral histamine H1-receptor on effector cells in the GI tract, blood vessels and respiratory tract.

Uses

Cetirizine is used for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, perennial allergic rhinitis, pruritus and urticaria. It is also used in allergen induced asthma.

Trade Name Alargol
Generic Cetirizine Dihydrochloride
Weight 5mg/5ml, 10mg
Type Syrup, Tablet
Therapeutic Class Sedating Anti-histamine
Manufacturer Ethical Drug Ltd
Available Country Bangladesh
Last Updated: June 23, 2021 at 11:18 am

Dosage

Alargol dosage

Tablet:

  • Adults and children over 6 years: 1 tablet (10 mg) once daily or ½ tablet twice daily.
  • Children 2-6 years: ½ tablet once daily.

Syrup:

  • Adults and children over 6 years: 2 teaspoonful (10 mg) once daily or 1 teaspoon (5 mg) twice daily.
  • Children 2-6 years: 1 teaspoonful once daily or ½ teaspoon twice daily.

Side Effects

Cetirizine dihydrochloride is well tolerated. Lower incidence of sedation, headache, dry mouth, and gastrointestinal disturbances may occur. It does not produce anticholinergic effects.

Precaution

Caution should be exercised when driving a car or operating a heavy machinery. Concurrent use of cetirizine with alcohol or other CNS depressants should be avoided because additional reduction in alertness and CNS performance may occur.

Interaction

No clinically significant drug interactions have been found with theophylline, azithromycin, pseudoephedrine, ketoconazole or erythromycin and with some other drugs.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding use

Pregnancy category B. There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Cetirizine should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Cetirizine has been reported to be excreted in human breast milk. As large amount of drugs are excreted in human milk, use of Cetirizine in nursing mother is not recommended.

Contraindication

Alargol is contraindicated in those patients with a known hypersensitivity to it or any of its ingredients or hydroxyzine.

Acute Overdose

Symptoms: Confusion, dizziness, fatigue, headache, malaise, restlessness, sedation, somnolence, diarrhoea, mydriasis, pruritus, stupor, tachycardia, tremor, and urinary retention. 

Management: Symptomatic and supportive treatment. Gastric lavage may be done shortly following ingestion.

Storage Condition

Store between 20-25°C. Syrup: Store between 2-8°C.

Alargol contains Cetirizine Dihydrochloride see full prescribing information from innovator Monograph