Urinary tract infection fungal

Fungal Urinary Tract Infections: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Fungal urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by fungi and can affect any part of the urinary system. They can be painful and uncomfortable, and, if left untreated, can cause health problems.

Fungal UTIs are most commonly caused by Candida albicans, a type of yeast. However, other types of fungi such as Aspergillus, Cryptococcus, and Trichophyton can also cause UTIs.

Symptoms of UTI Fungal Infections

The most common symptom of a fungal UTI is an unusual or foul-smelling discharge from the urethra or vagina. Other symptoms may include:

  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Pain in lower abdomen or pelvic area
  • Painful intercourse
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Blood in the urine

Risk Factors for UTI Fungal Infections

There are several factors that can increase your risk of developing a fungal UTI. Some of these include:

  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Using certain medications such as antibiotics or corticosteroids
  • Having a sexually transmitted infection
  • Having diabetes
  • Using catheters or other medical devices
  • Having a urinary tract abnormality

Treatment of UTI Fungal Infections

Treatment of a fungal UTI typically involves taking an antifungal medication. Commonly prescribed medications include fluconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, and terbinafine. In some cases, a doctor might recommend a topical antifungal medication, such as a cream or ointment.

If the fungal UTI is caused by a weakened immune system, your doctor may recommend lifestyle modifications such as eating a balanced diet and getting enough rest and exercise to help strengthen your immune system.

Preventing UTI Fungal Infections

To help prevent fungal UTIs, you should:

  • Practice good hygiene, including washing your hands often
  • Drink plenty of water to keep your urinary tract flushed
  • Avoid tight-fitting clothing and synthetic fabrics that trap moisture
  • Avoid douching and perfumed vaginal sprays, which can upset the natural balance of your vagina
  • Wipe from front to back after going to the bathroom
  • Urinate after sex to help flush out any bacteria
  • Avoid having sex with multiple partners
  • See your doctor if you have symptoms of a UTI