Thyroid disorder

Thyroid Disorder: What You Need to Know

Thyroid disorder is an umbrella term for any of several diseases or disorders that can cause a disruption in normal endocrine system function. It can affect the body in many ways, including metabolism, energy levels, emotional health, hormone production, temperature regulation, growth and development, reproduction, and mental health. The most common thyroid disorder is hypothyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormone. Other potential thyroid disorders include hyperthyroidism, goiter, Graves’ Disease, autoimmune thyroiditis, and thyroid cancer.

It is important to recognize the symptoms of a thyroid disorder as early diagnosis and treatment is key for successful management. Symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Depression
  • Elevated cholesterol
  • Insomnia
  • Hair loss
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Palpitations and/or irregular heart rhythms
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Joint pain

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms it is important to see your doctor to get tested for a thyroid disorder. Diagnosis typically involves a physical exam, blood tests to check levels of hormones, and ultrasounds or other imaging tests. Treatment is individualized based on the type and severity of the disorder. It may involve medications or lifestyle changes such as diet, exercise, stress management, and supplement management. It is important to take an active role in managing your condition and follow-up with your doctor to make sure your treatment plan is effective and your levels are properly monitored.