Stomach cramps

What are Stomach Cramps?

Stomach cramps are common and can be caused by various issues within the digestive system. They can be very uncomfortable and often painful, although not usually serious. They can be caused by a variety of issues, from something as simple as eating something unhealthy to more serious conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Causes of Stomach Cramps

Stomach cramps are usually caused by one of the following issues:

  • Eating foods that cause indigestion: Eating spicy, fatty or acidic foods can lead to stomach cramps in some individuals.
  • Gastroenteritis: Commonly known as the stomach flu, gastroenteritis is an infection of the stomach and intestines that can cause stomach cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): IBS is a chronic digestive disorder that can cause cramping, bloating, abdominal pain, gas, and changes in bowel habits.
  • Intestinal obstruction: A partial or total blockage of the intestines can cause stomach cramps.
  • Lactose intolerance: People who are lactose intolerant lack an enzyme needed to break down lactose, which can result in stomach cramps.
  • Food poisoning: Eating foods that have been contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or parasites can cause an upset stomach, vomiting, and stomach cramps.


The best way to prevent stomach cramps is to practice good hygiene and eat a balanced, healthy diet. To reduce the risk of food poisoning, make sure you cook food thoroughly and store it correctly. If you're lactose intolerant, try avoiding dairy products or look for lactose-free alternatives. Additionally, if you experience recurrent stomach cramps, you may want to talk to a healthcare professional to discuss other possible causes such as IBS.