Premenstrual tension with edema

What is Premenstrual Tension with Edema?

Premenstrual tension with edema, or PMTE, is a combination of physical and psychological symptoms experienced by some women prior to their menstrual cycle. Symptoms vary from person to person, but may include mood swings, bloating, headaches, breast tenderness, fatigue, irritability, anxiety, and joint pain. Edema is the swelling of tissues due to fluid retention and may cause swelling in the arms, legs, feet, or face. PMTE can occur months before a woman’s menstrual cycle and last during her menstrual cycle.

Causes of Premenstrual Tension with Edema

The exact cause of PMTE is unknown, but is likely due to a combination of factors, including hormone fluctuation, oxidative stress, and lifestyle factors. Hormone fluctuation causes changes in neurotransmitters which can affect a woman’s mood and behavior. Oxidative stress is a state of imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in the body, which can cause inflammation and tissue swelling. Lifestyle factors, such as diets high in processed foods, stress, lack of sleep, and excessive alcohol consumption, can also contribute to PMTE.

Treatments for Premenstrual Tension with Edema

Treating PMTE typically focuses on reducing inflammation and managing the symptoms. Some lifestyle changes that can help reduce inflammation and reduce the effects of PMTE include:

  • Eating a balanced and nutritious diet, and avoiding processed foods
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Limiting stress and alcohol intake
  • Avoiding salt and increasing fluids
  • Exercising regularly

A doctor may also recommend medications, yoga, acupuncture, and other treatments to alleviate the symptoms of PMTE.