Oral infections

Oral Infections: Causes and Prevention

Oral infections can range from mild inconveniences to more serious problems, affecting both your dental and overall health. Proper oral hygiene is key in preventing and treating these conditions. Oral infections are caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi that enter the mouth. Some of the most common types of oral infection include:

  • Tooth decay
  • Gum disease
  • Thrush
  • Cold sores
  • Canker sores
  • Oral herpes
These infections can cause a variety of symptoms, such as pain, redness, swelling, and sores or ulcers. If the infection is more severe, you may experience fever, trouble breathing, or difficulty swallowing. The best way to prevent oral infections is to follow good oral hygiene practices. These include brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, using a tongue scraper, and eating a healthy diet. You should also see your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings, as they may be able to detect an infection before it becomes more serious. Additionally, avoiding smoking and excess alcohol consumption can help reduce your risk of oral infection. If you are immunocompromised due to an illness or a medical condition, your doctor may recommend additional measures to reduce the risk of infection, such as closing your mouth when coughing or sneezing. If you suspect you have an oral infection, it’s important to contact your dentist or doctor right away. They may recommend an exam, tests, and/or treatment. Treatment is usually tailored to the type of infection and can include topical or oral medications, antibiotics, or surgery. For further information on oral infections, talk to your dentist or doctor.