Lyme Neuroborreliosis

Lyme Neuroborreliosis: A Disease Caused By Lyme Disease Spirochetes

Lyme Neuroborreliosis (LNB) is an infection of the nervous system typically caused by Lyme disease spirochetes. This spirochete is a Gram-negative bacteria named Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected tick. Lyme Neuroborreliosis is usually characterized by a number of neurological symptoms, such as:

  • Headache
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms and/or legs
  • Memory problems
  • Confusion
  • Poor coordination
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Mood swings
  • Visual disturbances
  • Seizures

In many cases, Lyme Neuroborreliosis can lead to more severe neurologic complications, such as meningitis, encephalitis, and polyneuropathy. In extreme cases, this disease can even lead to paralysis or death.

It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of Lyme Neuroborreliosis early on, as it can be difficult to diagnose and treatment can be challenging. Early diagnosis is key to ensure a successful outcome. Treatment typically consists of a combination of antibiotics, corticosteroids, and physical or occupational therapy.

In addition to consulting your doctor, there are many ways to reduce your risk of contracting Lyme Neuroborreliosis. Some of these include:

  • Wearing protective clothing when outdoors, such as long-sleeved shirts and pants, boots, and hats.
  • Limiting time spent in wooded or heavily grassed areas.
  • Using insect repellent that contains DEET.
  • Checking for ticks on yourself and your family members (especially after spending time outdoors) and removing them promptly.
  • Practicing good hygiene practices, such as washing hands, showering or bathing, and changing clothes after being outdoors.

If you suspect that you may have been infected with Lyme Neuroborreliosis, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Your healthcare provider can help determine the best course of treatment.