What is Hyperacidity?

Hyperacidity, also known as acid reflux or heartburn, is a condition in which the digestive juices in the stomach flow back into the esophagus and irritate the lining of the stomach. This causes a burning sensation that is often felt in the chest and can be accompanied by a sour taste in the mouth. Hyperacidity is a common condition and can be caused by a number of factors including eating certain foods, drinking certain beverages, and certain medical conditions.

Symptoms of Hyperacidity

The main symptom of hyperacidity is heartburn or indigestion. Other symptoms can include:

  • Aching in the upper abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Acidic or bitter taste in the mouth
  • Burning sensation in the chest
  • Burping
  • Bloating
  • Regurgitation of food or acid

Causes of Hyperacidity

Hyperacidity is usually caused by one or more of the following:

  • Eating certain foods, such as spicy or fatty foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, and caffeine
  • Drinking alcoholic beverages
  • Lying down soon after eating
  • Overeating
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Pregnancy
  • Being overweight
  • Medications, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, muscle relaxers, or blood pressure medications
  • Certain medical conditions, such as hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Treatment For Hyperacidity

The most common treatments for hyperacidity are over-the-counter medications, such as antacids, proton pump inhibitors, and H2 blockers. These medications are designed to reduce the amount of acid that is produced in the stomach or to regulate the flow of acid to reduce irritation. Lifestyle changes, such as eating smaller meals throughout the day and avoiding certain foods, can also help to reduce symptoms of hyperacidity. If these treatments are not effective, your doctor may recommend more aggressive treatments, such as medications to reduce the production of acid or surgery to correct a hiatal hernia.