Community acquired pneumonia caused by Streptococcus Pneumoniae

What is Community Acquired Pneumonia Caused By Streptococcus Pneumoniae?

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a type of pneumonia that is contracted outside of a hospital or healthcare setting. It is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, a bacterium that is commonly found in the environment. CAP is one of the most common causes of hospitalization in adults. It is a leading cause of death worldwide, particularly in countries where access to healthcare is limited.

Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a bacteria found in the nose and throat of healthy individuals. It can also be found in the environment. In most cases, it does not cause illness. However, it can become pathogenic, or disease-causing, in people with weakened immune systems. When this happens, S. pneumoniae can cause CAP.

Symptoms of CAP Caused By Streptococcus Pneumoniae

The symptoms of CAP caused by S. pneumoniae can range from mild to severe. Common symptoms include:

  • Cough, which may be productive (producing phlegm or sputum)
  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Confusion (especially in elderly individuals)

Diagnosis of CAP Caused By Streptococcus Pneumoniae

To diagnose CAP caused by S. pneumoniae, your doctor may first do a physical exam, including listening to your lungs with a stethoscope. They may also order chest X-rays or CT scans to look for signs of infection in your lungs. Other tests, such as a sputum sample, blood tests, and urine tests may also be used.

Treatment of CAP Caused By Streptococcus Pneumoniae

CAP caused by S. pneumoniae is usually treated with antibiotics. Some common antibiotics used to treat S. pneumoniae pneumonias are penicillins (such as amoxicillin) and macrolides (such as erythromycin). Depending on the severity of your illness, your doctor may also recommend additional treatments such as oxygen therapy and intravenous fluids.

Prevention of CAP Caused By Streptococcus Pneumoniae

To reduce your risk of getting CAP caused by S. pneumoniae, you should:

  • Get a pneumococcal vaccination. The pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for all adults aged 65 and over.
  • Avoid contact with people who are sick.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Avoid smoking or environmental smoke.
  • Eat a healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Get enough sleep.