Candida Albicans Vulvovaginitis

What is Candida Albicans Vulvovaginitis?

Candida albicans (C. albicans) vulvovaginitis is a common infection in women caused by a yeast-like fungus, also known as Candida. Candida is present in small amounts in the vagina of nearly all healthy women and is usually harmless. However, if the vaginal environment changes, the Candida can grow rapidly, causing an infection. C. albicans infection can cause severe discomfort in the genital area – including redness, itching and soreness.

Signs and Symptoms of Candida Albicans Vulvovaginitis

  • Vulvar itching, burning, and soreness
  • Swelling of the vulva
  • Pain or tenderness in the genital area
  • Redness
  • Vaginal discharge that may have a “yeasty” smell
  • Pain with urination or intercourse

Causes of Candida Albicans Vulvovaginitis

The most common cause of C. albicans vulvovaginitis is an imbalance in the normal vaginal flora. This can occur usually when there are changes in the normal pH balance in a woman's vagina, such as when antibiotics are taken or when contraceptives are used. Other potential causes include sexual activity, pregnancy, diabetes, weak immunity, and the use of douches or other vaginal products. It is important to note that this condition is not an STD and is not contagious.

Treatment of Candida Albicans Vulvovaginitis

Treatment of C. albicans vulvovaginitis will involve antifungal medications prescribed by your doctor. In most cases, the symptoms will improve within a few days of starting the medication. In some cases, infection can be more severe and may require more prolonged treatment. Keeping the genital area clean and dry is also important. Avoid tight-fitting clothing, and change out of wet bathing suits and exercise clothing as soon as possible. Furthermore, certain changes to diet and lifestyle may also help reduce the risk of recurrent infections.