Allergic Disorder

Allergic Disorders and Treatment

An allergic disorder, sometimes referred to as an immune-mediated disorder, is an adverse, abnormal reaction to an otherwise harmless substance. Allergic disorders can range from mild to life-threatening and produce a variety of uncomfortable symptoms.

Common allergic disorders include hay fever, food allergies, and hives. Allergies can also cause long-term health problems such as asthma, eczema, and sinusitis, as well as conditions such as anaphylaxis, allergic conjunctivitis and other allergic eye problems, and allergic rhinitis.

Treatments for allergic disorders have improved dramatically over the past decade, from medications and vaccines to lifestyle modifications. In general, although there is no cure for allergies, people with allergies can learn to manage their symptoms and reduce their exposure to the causes of their allergies.

Symptoms of Allergic Disorders:

  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy nose
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Trouble breathing
  • Rash or hives
  • Swelling of the lips, eyes, face, throat, and/or tongue

Treatments for Allergic Disorders

Allergy treatments can vary depending on the type of allergy and the severity of symptoms. Typical allergy treatments may include:

  • Allergy medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and corticosteroids.
  • Immunotherapy, which is a series of injections designed to desensitize an individual to an allergen.
  • If lifestyle changes don't help manage symptoms, your doctor may recommend allergy shots.
  • Allergen avoidance, which involves avoiding the allergen whenever possible.
  • Nasal irrigation and/or nasal sprays, which can help reduce inflammation and irritation.

It is important to speak with your doctor to determine the best treatment plan based on your specific allergies and symptoms.