Nasal Congestion caused by Common Cold

Nasal Congestion Caused by Common Cold

The common cold is one of the most commonly found respiratory illness which is a viral infection resulting in a runny nose, sore throat, cough, sneezing and nasal congestion. Nasal congestion can be caused by several different viruses, but it is most often associated with the common cold or rhinovirus. This is because nasal congestion is one of the most inconvenient and bothersome parts of the common cold and it can last for several days.

Nasal congestion is caused by the swelling of the nasal passages due to the virus. When someone catches a cold, the virus will travel down their nasal passages and cause the lining of the passages to swell up and get inflamed. This in turn will cause the tissues surrounding the nasal passages to increase in size and create a sensation of tightness or a feeling of obstruction. This will cause the person to be unable to fully breathe in or out through their nose.

In some cases, nasal congestion can lead to a postnasal drip which is when mucus accumulates in the back of the nose and throat. This accumulation of mucus is caused by the virus that is affecting the lining of the nasal passages. The mucus will then trickle down the back of the throat, causing a sensation of phlegm in the back of the throat which can be irritating and uncomfortable.

Nasal congestion can also result in a number of other symptoms such as a loss of smell, headaches, facial pressure, and a sore throat. While these symptoms can be annoying and inconvenient, they are usually not serious or life-threatening and will usually resolve on their own once the infection clears.

Treatment for nasal congestion caused by the common cold usually includes over-the-counter medications such as decongestants and/or pain relievers. These medications can help to reduce the inflammation in the nasal passages and can help to provide some relief. It is also important to stay hydrated and to use a saline spray to help loosen up any mucus and reduce the swelling in the nasal passages.

In some cases, a doctor may prescribe a nasal steroid spray to help reduce the inflammation that is causing the nasal congestion. It is important to follow the directions of the doctor carefully when using these medications in order to avoid any side effects. Additionally, it is important to take steps to avoid getting reinfected with the same virus.

Preventing Nasal Congestion Caused by Common Cold

  • Avoid close contact with people who are showing symptoms of a cold.
  • Make sure to wash your hands regularly, especially after contact with range of surfaces.
  • Wipe down surfaces and items that may have been in contact with someone who has a cold.
  • Try to stay away from crowded public places.
  • Don’t touch your eyes, nose or face unless your hands are clean.
  • Drink plenty of liquids to help stay hydrated.
  • Get plenty of rest.