Medroxyacetate Progesterone

Medroxyacetate Progesterone Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Food Interaction and all others data.

Medroxyprogesterone is a synthetic progestogen which converts the proliferative phase of the endometrium into secretory phase. It has some androgenic and anabolic activities but no oestrogenic effects. Parenteral use leads to inhibition of pituitary gonadotropins, thus preventing follicular maturation and ovulation.

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) inhibits gonadotropin production, reduces nuclear estrogen receptors and DNA synthesis in epithelial cells of the endometrium, and induces p53 dependant apoptosis in cancer cell lines. MPA oral tablets have a half life of 40-60 hours and other formulations can have half lives that are considerably longer, so the duration of action is long. The therapeutic window is wide as patients may take doses ranging from 5mg orally daily to 1000mg as a depo injection weekly. Long term use of MPA is associated with a reduction in bone density and patients who taking MPA during adolescence may have lower peak bone mass than untreated patients, which can also increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures in the future.

Trade Name Medroxyacetate Progesterone
Generic Medroxyprogesterone Acetate
Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Other Names Medroxyacetate progesterone, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Methylacetoxyprogesterone, Metigestrona
Formula C24H34O4
Weight Average: 386.5244
Monoisotopic: 386.245709576
Protein binding

Medroxyprogesterone acetate is 86% protein bound in serum, mainly to albumin. No binding occurs with sex hormone binding globulin.

Groups Approved, Investigational
Therapeutic Class Female Sex hormones
Available Country
Last Updated: September 19, 2023 at 7:00 am
Medroxyacetate Progesterone
Medroxyacetate Progesterone


Medroxy Progesterone Acetate tablets are used for the treatment of secondary amenorrhea and abnormal uterine bleeding due to hormonal imbalance in the absence of organic pathology, such as fibroids or uterine cancer. They are also used for use in the prevention of endometrial hyperplasia in nonhysterectomized postmenopausal women who are receiving daily oral conjugated estrogens 0.625 mg tablets.

Medroxyacetate Progesterone is also used to associated treatment for these conditions: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding, Amenorrhea, Endometrial Hyperplasia, Endometriosis related pain, Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma, Osteoporosis, Pain, Postmenopausal Osteoporosis, Pregnant State, Vasomotor Symptoms Associated With Menopause, Vulvovaginal Atrophy, Metastatic Endometrial carcinoma, Contraception, Estrogen Replacement Therapy, Hormonal Contraception

How Medroxyacetate Progesterone works

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) inhibits the production of gonadotropin, preventing follicular maturation and ovulation, which is responsible for it’s ability to prevent pregnancy. This action also thins the endometrium. MPA reduces nuclear estrogen receptors and DNA synthesis in epithelial cells of the endometrium. MPA can also induce p53 dependant apoptosis in certain cancer cell lines, and inhibit GABA-A receptors.


Medroxyacetate Progesterone dosage


  • Palliative treatment of endometrial and renal carcinoma: 200-600 mg daily.
  • Mild to moderate endometriosis: 10 mg tid.
  • Breast cancer: 0.4-1.5 g daily. Max: 2 g daily.
  • Progestogen component in menopausal hormonal replacement therapy: Dosage dependant on oestrogen component of therapy, several regimens are used: 1.5 mg, 2.5 mg or 5 mg daily; 5 or 10 mg daily for 12-14 days of a 28-day cycle; 20 mg daily for 14 days of a 91-day cycle.
  • Menorrhagia: 2.5-10 mg daily for 5-10 days starting on the 16th-21st day of the menstrual cycle. Repeat for 2 cycles.
  • Palliative treatment of prostatic carcinoma: 100-600 mg daily.
  • Secondary amenorrhoea: 2.5-10 mg daily for 5-10 days. Repeated for 3 cycles.


  • Endometriosis: 50 mg wkly or 100 mg every 2 wk.
  • Contraception: 150 mg every 12 wk.
  • Palliative treatment of endometrial and renal carcinoma: Initially 0.4-1 g wkly. Reduce as necessary, maintenance may be as low as 0.4 g mthly.
  • Palliative treatment of prostatic carcinoma: 0.5 g twice wkly for first 3 mth. Maintenance 0.5 g wkly.
  • Breast cancer: 0.5-1 g daily for first 4 wk. Maintenance 0.5 g twice wkly.


  • Contraception, Endometriosis: 104 mg every 12-14 wk.

Side Effects

Depression, fluid retention. Fatigue, insomnia, dizziness, headache, nausea; breast tenderness; wt gain/loss, anorexia; cholestatic jaundice; pain at Inj site.


The oral LD50 in rats is >6400mg/kg and in mice is >16g/kg. The intraperitoneal LD50 in rats is >900mg/kg and in mice is >1500mg/kg. The subcutaneous LD50 in rats is >900mg/kg and in mice is>1500mg/kg.

Patients experiencing and overdose or oral medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) may present with nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, dizziness, abdominal pain, drowsiness, fatigue, and withdrawal bleeding. Treat patients by stopping MPA and beginning symptomatic treatment. Patients who have been given too much of a MPA depo injection should contact a healthcare professional, hospital emergency department, or local poison control immediately.


Patients with depression, DM, epilepsy, asthma, migraine, hypertension, renal or cardiac dysfunction. Monitor patient closely for loss of vision, proptosis, diplopia and thromboembolic disorders. Lactation.


Aminoglutethimide and enzyme-inducing drugs (e.g. carbamazepine, griseofulvin, phenobarbital, rifampicin, phenytoin) may reduce plasma concentrations leading to reduced efficacy. Additional measures required when medroxyprogesterone is used for contraception during coadministration with these drugs.

Food Interaction

  • Avoid St. John's Wort. St. John's Wort may decrease the effectiveness of medroxyprogesterone acetate.
  • Take with food. Food increases the bioavailability of medroxyprogesterone acetate.

Volume of Distribution

The volume of distribution of medroxyprogesterone acetate is 20±3L.

Elimination Route

Absorption of oral medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) varies considerably between formulations. A 1000mg oral dose reaches an average Cmax of 145-315nmol/L while a 500mg oral dose reaches an average Cmax of 33-178nmol/L with a Tmax of 1-3 hours and a lag time of half an hour. The AUC of a 500mg oral dose of MPA was 543.4-1981.1nmol*L/h depending on formulation.

Intramuscular MPA reaches a Cmax of 4.69±1.52nmol/L with a Tmax of 4.75±2.09 days and an AUC of 81.58±27.64days*nmol/L. Subcutaneous MPA reaches a Cmax of 3.83±1.56nmol/L with a T±max of 6.52±2.07 days and an AUC of 72.26±38.73days*nmol/L. However, the pharmacokinetics of MPA may also vary depending on injection site.

Half Life

Oral medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) has an absorption half life of 15-30min and a biological half life of 40-60 hours. Intramuscular MPA has an absorption half life of 0.86±0.30 days and an elimination half life of 24.03±21.74 days. Subcutaneous MPA has an absorption half life of 1.05±0.56 days and an elimination half life of 30.90±15.11 days.


The mean clearance of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is 1668±146L/day or 21.9±4.3L/kg/day. Due to the high inter patient variability in MPA pharmacokinetics, clearance has been reported to be 1600-4000L/day.

Elimination Route

The majority of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is eliminated in the urine as glucuronide conjugates and a minority of sulphate conjugates. Glucuronide conjugates are also detected in the feces. Determining the exact ratio of metabolites and parent compound eliminated in the urine and feces is difficult as the metabolite profile in the urine is not significantly different and radio labelling studies are not readily available.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding use

Pregnancy Category X. Studies in animals or human beings have demonstrated fetal abnormalities or there is evidence of fetal risk based on human experience or both, and the risk of the use of the drug in pregnant women clearly outweighs any possible benefit. The drug is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant.

Nursing Mothers: Medroxy Progesterone Acetate should not be used during lactation. Detectable amounts of progestin have been identified in the breast milk of nursing mothers receiving progestins.


Thromboembolic disorders; cerebral apoplexy; severe hepatic dysfunction; undiagnosed vaginal bleeding, incomplete abortion, hormone-dependent carcinoma; pregnancy.

Special Warning

Pediatric Use: Medroxy Progesterone Acetate tablets are not indicated in children. Clinical studies have not been conducted in the pediatric population.

Geriatric Use: There have not been sufficient numbers of geriatric women involved in clinical studies utilizing Medroxy Progesterone Acetate alone to determine whether those over 65 years of age differ from younger subjects in their response to Medroxy Progesterone Acetate alone.
*** Taking medicines without doctor's advice can cause long-term problems.