Iodosorb Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Food Interaction and all others data.

Iodosorb is an iodophore with a powerful broad-spectrum germicidal activity against a wide range of bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and spores. Microbicidal; oxidizes cell constituents; iodinates proteins and inactivates them.

Povidone iodine is a kind of iodine disinfectant which directly cause in vivo protein denaturation, precipitation of bacteria, and further resulting in the death of pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, it is effective in disinfection and sterilization. It can kill viruses, bacteria, spores, fungi, and protozoa with low toxicity to human. Iodosorb aqueous solution has strong pharmacological activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, syphilis, hepatitis B virus, HIV, and Trichomonas vaginalis.Povidone iodine gel is a gynecological topical semi-mobile colloidal agent made by povidone iodine and hydrophilic matrix. It is a system for maintaining its sustained release. Owing to the continuous release of free iodine, it can enable the skin and mucous membranes to maintain a certain effective concentration of iodine for killing bacteria. It is mainly used for gynecological vaginal infection. It exerted its effect through being miscible with vaginal secretions and further killing the inside pathogenic microorganisms, and thus blocking the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and invasion, as well as treating other infected vaginal diseases caused by other kinds of bacteria.

Published reports on the in vitro antimicrobial efficacy of iodophors demonstrate that iodophors are bactericidal, mycobactericidal, and virucidal but can require prolonged contact times to kill certain fungi and bacterial spores. Three brands of povidone-iodine solution have demonstrated more rapid kill (seconds to minutes) of S. aureus and M. chelonae at a 1:100 dilution than did the stock solution. The virucidal activity of 75–150 ppm available iodine was demonstrated against seven viruses. Other investigators have questioned the efficacy of iodophors against poliovirus in the presence of organic matter and rotavirus in distilled or tapwater. Manufacturers' data demonstrate that commercial iodophors are not sporicidal, but they are tuberculocidal, fungicidal, virucidal, and bactericidal at their recommended use-dilution.

Trade Name Iodosorb
Generic Povidone-iodine
Povidone-iodine Other Names Iodopovidone, Povidone iodine, Povidone-iodine, Povidone, iodinated, PVP-I
Weight 09%,
Type Topical, Powder
Protein binding

To be used topical. No plasma protein binding reported.

Groups Approved
Therapeutic Class Iodine compounds (Anti-septic Preparations)
Manufacturer Kalbe Farma, Smith Andnephew Ltd
Available Country United States, Indonesia, Spain
Last Updated: September 19, 2023 at 7:00 am


Abrasion, Bed sore, Burns, Cuts, Decubitus or stasis ulcers, Leg ulcers and pressure sores, Pre-operative and post-operative skin cleansing, Pre-operative scrubbing & washing, Pre-operative skin disinfection, Pressure sores, Skin infections, Vaginitis, Wound and burn dressing, Wound and ulcer cleansing, Wound cleansing, Wound infection, Wound sepsis, Wounds

Iodosorb is also used to associated treatment for these conditions: Skin Infections, Skin disinfection, Irrigation of the ocular surface therapy, Prepping of the periocular region, Prophylaxis of bacterial skin infections

How Iodosorb works

Iodosorb is called iodophore which means povidone acts as a carrier of iodine. Iodine is considered as the active moiety that mediates microbicidal actions. When released from the complex, free iodine (I2) penetrates the cell wall of microorganisms quickly, and the lethal effects are believed to result from disruption of protein and nucleic acid structure and synthesis. While the full mechanism of action is not fully elucidated, iodine is thought to inhibit vital bacterial cellular mechanisms and structures, and oxidizes nucleotides fatty or amino acids in bacterial cell membranes . Additionally, free iodine disrupts the function of the cytosolic enzymes involved in the respiratory chain, causing them to become denatured and deactivated . In vitro evidence suggests that iodine also counteracts inflammation elicited by both pathogens and the host response via multifactorial effects. In hosts, povidone-iodine was demonstrated to modulate the redox potential, inhibit the release of inflammatory mediators such as TNF-α and β-galactosidase, inhibit metalloproteinase production, and potentiate the healing signals from pro-inflammatory cytokines by activation of monocytes, T-lymphocytes, and macrophages, in vitro .


Iodosorb dosage

Pre-operative scrubbing & washing: Wet hands with water, then pour 5 ml of solution onto the palm and spread over both the hands, rub the scrub over the entire area for about 2 mintues, add water to develope copious suds, rinse throughly under running water.

Pre- and post-operative skin cleansing: After the skin is shaved and wet with water, apply surgical scrub & rub throughly for minimum 2 mintues, rinse of with the sterile gauze saturated with water.

Side Effects

Local skin irritation and sensitivity. Application to large areas of denuded skin may produce systemic effects due to iodine absorption.The application of povidone iodine to large wounds or severe burns may producesystemic adverse effectssuch as metabolic acidosis, hypernatraemia and impairment of renal function.


ORAL (LD50): Acute: 8000 mg/kg [Rat]. 8100 mg/kg [Mouse]


Avoid contact with eyes; should not be used under occlusive dressing. Pregnancy, lactation

Food Interaction

No interactions found.

Volume of Distribution

Povidone-Iodine is intended for topical application and has no volume of distribution.

Elimination Route

Povidone-Iodine is intended for topical application and is not absorbed.

Half Life

Povidone-Iodine is intended for topical application and is not eliminated.


Povidone-Iodine is intended for topical application and is not eliminated.

Elimination Route

Povidone-Iodine is intended for topical application and is not eliminated.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding use

Pregnancy Category D. There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.


Hypersensitivity; prolonged use in patients with thyroid disorders or on lithium therapy. Special caution is needed when regular applications to broken skin are made to patients with pre-existing renal insufficiency. Regular use should be avoided in patients on concurrent lithium therapy.

Innovators Monograph

You find simplified version here Iodosorb


What is Iodosorb used for?

Iodosorb is an antiseptic used for skin disinfection before and after surgery. It may be used both to disinfect the hands of healthcare providers and the skin of the person they are caring for. It may also be used for minor wounds. Iodosorb is also used as a surgical hand scrub and to wash the skin and surface of the eye before surgery to help prevent infections.

How safe is Iodosorb?

Iodosorb can safely be used in the nose at concentrations up to 1.25% and in the mouth at concentrations up to 2.5% for up to 5 months.

How long does Iodosorb last?

Iodosorb works by releasing iodine which results in the death of a range of microorganisms.

What are the common side effects of Iodosorb?

Common side effects of Iodosorb are include:

  • swelling, pain, warmth, redness, oozing, or other signs of infection;
  • blistering or crusting; or.
  • severe irritation, itching, or burning.

Is Iodosorb safe during pregnancy?

In pregnant women, vaginitis should not be treated with Iodosorb because of the possible development of iodine-induced goiter and hypothyroidism in the fetus and newborn. The risk is especially high when Iodosorb is used repeatedly.

Is Iodosorb safe during breastfeeding?

The use of Iodosorb in the mother near term and during breastfeeding increases breastmilk iodine levels and can cause transient hypothyroidism in breastfed infants, especially in geographic areas that are iodine deficient.

Can I mix Iodosorb with alcohol?

The most effective disinfectant to combine with alcohol has not been established in the literature.

When should be taken of Iodosorb?

Use once every 2 hours as needed. To use Iodosorb topical as a mouth rinse, gargle or swish the liquid for 30 seconds, then spit it out.Use up to 4 times per day.

Can I take Iodosorb everyday?

Iodosorb first aid products are generally safe for daily use for up to 1 week as described in the product directions. If the condition persists or gets worse, or if you need to use Iodosorb Antiseptic First Aid products for more than 1 week, stop usage and consult your physician.

Can I take Iodosorb on an empty stomach?

The Iodosorb tablets should preferably not be taken on an empty stomach. Taking them can be made easier especially for children by dissolving the tablet in a drink, e.g. water or tea.

How long does it take Iodosorb to disinfect?

Iodosorb concentrations in the range 5-10 ppm were found to be effective against different types of microorganisms within 10 min.

How long can I use Iodosorb ?

Iodosorb can make certain skin conditions worse. Only use it for conditions for which your doctor or health care professional has prescribed. Unless told to do so by your doctor or health care professional, do not use for longer than 1 week or over large areas of the body.

How often can I use Iodosorb?

Use up to 4 times per day. You should not use Iodosorb topical for longer than 7 days without medical advice.

Is Iodosorb bad for kidneys?

Serious kidney damage can be caused by the iodine-containing dyes that doctors use to enhance the quality of medical scans. These dyes are called contrast agents, and are usually given intravenously before a CT scan, angiogram or other test.

What happens if I take too much Iodosorb?

High Iodosorb intakes can also cause thyroid gland inflammation and thyroid cancer. Getting a very large dose of Iodosorb can cause burning of the mouth, throat, and stomach; fever; stomach pain; nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; weak pulse; and coma.

Can I overdose on Iodosorb?

Acute Iodosorb  toxicity is rare and is often difficult to recognize. Clinical manifestations may range from nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea to delirium, stupor, and shock.

Does Iodosorb help the liver?

In addition, excess Iodosorb was found to be organ specific in that it did not significantly change liver lysosomal enzyme activity or stabilize isolated liver lysosomes.

Is Iodosorb bad for high blood pressure?

It can lead to high blood pressure during pregnancy for the mother, and mental retardation for the baby.

Can too much Iodosorb cause weight gain?

Take too much Iodosorb can cause the thyroid to slow down or even stop producing hormones in certain people the opposite effect of what many people hope these supplements will do for them. That can result in weight gain and fatigue, and can increase your risk of cardiovascular disease.

What should if I miss a dose of Iodosorb?

Skip the missed dose and use your next dose at the regular time. Do not use two doses at one time.

What should if I overdose on Iodosorb?

An overdose of povidone iodine topical is not expected to be dangerous. Seek emergency medical attention if anyone has accidentally swallowed the medicine.Symptom of overdose from swallowing povidone iodine topical may include stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, extreme thirst, or being unable to urinate.

*** Taking medicines without doctor's advice can cause long-term problems.