Azinaaf

Azinaaf Tablet, Powder For Suspension, Capsule

Azinaaf is an azalide antibiotic, a subclass of macrolide antibiotic. It acts by binding to the 50s ribosomal subunit of susceptible microorganisms and thus interfering with microbial protein synthesis. Azinaaf has been shown to be active against most strains in the following microorganisms, both In vitro and in clinical infections:

Gram-positive microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes.

Gram-negative microorganisms: Haemophilus ducreyi, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Escherichia coli.

Other microorganisms: Chlamydia pneumoniae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Bacteroides fragilis, Legionella pneumophila, oxoplasma gondii.

Uses

Azinaaf is used for infections caused by susceptible organisms in-

Upper respiratory tract infections including sinusitis, pharyngitis and tonsillitis

Lower respiratory tract infections including bronchitis, acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary

disease (COPD)

Otitis media

Skin and soft tissue infections including cellulitis, pyoderma, erysipelas, wound infections

Diarrhea, Shigellosis

Sexually transmitted diseases, especially in the treatment of non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis

Genital ulcer disease in men due to Haemophilus ducreyi (chancroid)

Mild or moderate typhoid due to multiple-antibacterial resistant organisms

Prophylaxis against a-hemolytic (viridans group) streptococcal bacterial endocarditis

Other infections including odontogenic infections, bartonella infections, toxoplasmosis, babesiosis

Azinaaf is also used to associated treatment for these conditions: Acute Bacterial Sinusitis (ABS), Acute Otitis Media, Acute bacterial exacerbation of COPD caused by Haemophilus Influenza Infections, Moraxella Catarrhalis Infection, Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infections, Bacterial Conjunctivitis, Bacterial Sinusitis, Cervicitis, Chancroid, Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP), Genital Ulcer Disease (GUD), Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Pharyngitis, Streptococcal Pharyngitis, Streptococcal tonsillitis, Tonsillitis bacterial, Traveler's Diarrhea, Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections, Urethritis

Azinaaf

Trade Name Azinaaf
Generic Azithromycin
Azithromycin Other Names Azithromycin, Azithromycine, Azithromycinum, Azitromicina
Weight 500mg, 200mg/5ml, 250mg
Type Tablet, Powder For Suspension, Capsule
Formula C38H72N2O12
Weight Average: 748.9845
Monoisotopic: 748.508525778
Protein binding

The serum protein binding of azithromycin varies in humans, decreasing from 51% at 0.02 g/mL to 7% at 2 g/mL .

Therapeutic Class Macrolides
Manufacturer Naafco Pharma Ltd
Available Country Bangladesh
Last Updated: June 23, 2021 at 11:16 am

Structure

Azinaaf
Azithromycin Structure

Dosage

Azinaaf dosage

Azinaaf tablet can be taken with or without food. Azinaaf suspension should be taken at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meal.

 

Oral:

Adult:

For respiratory tract infections, otitis media and skin & soft tissue infections: 500 mg once daily for 3 days or an alternative to this as 500 mg once on day 1, followed by 250 mg once daily for next 4 days. For sexually transmitted diseases like genital ulcer, non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis : a single 1 gm (1000 mg) dose. For the treatment of urethritis and cervicitis due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae : a single 2 gm (2000 mg) dose. In typhoid, 500 mg once daily for 7 days. In Cholera, a single 1 gm (1000 mg) dose. In Shigellosis, 500 mg once on day 1, followed by 250 mg once daily for next 4 days.

Azinaaf can be taken with or without food.

To reconstitute Azinaaf 15 ml powder for suspension: Add 10 ml or 2 tea spoonfuls of just boiled and cooled water to the content of the bottle and shake well to mix uniformly. 

To reconstitute Azinaaf 30 ml powder for suspension: Add 20 ml or 4 tea spoonfuls of just boiled and cooled water to the content of the bottle and shake well to mix uniformly. 

To reconstitute Azinaaf 50 ml powder for suspension: Add 35 ml or 7 tea spoonfuls of just boiled and cooled water to the content of the bottle and shake well to mix uniformly.

Side Effects

Azinaaf is well tolerated with a low incidence of side efects. The side effects include nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort (pain/cramps), flatulence, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, and skin rashes and are reversible upon discontinuation of therapy. Reversible elevations in liver transaminases have been observed occasionally. Transient mild reductions in neutrophil counts have occasionally been observed in clinical trials, although causal relationship to Azinaaf has not been established.

Precaution

As with any antibiotic, observation for signs of super infection with non-susceptable organisms, including fungi, is recommended. Precaution should be taken in patients with more severe renal impairment.

Interaction

Antacids: Peak serum levels but not the total extent of absorption are reduced by aluminium and magnesium containing antacids in the stomach. Azinaaf should therefore be taken at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after taking these antacids. 

Ergot Derivatives: Because of the theoretical possibility of ergotism, concomitant administration of ergot derivatives and Azinaaf should be avoided. Digoxin & Cyclosporin: Macrolides have been known to increase the plasma concentration of Digoxin & Cyclosporin and so caution should be exercised while co-administration is necessary. 

Anti-Histamines: A potentially life threatening interaction between erythromycin and terfenadine or astemizole have been reported. Although such an interaction with Azinaaf is not established yet, it is wise to avoid concomitant use of Azinaaf and terfenadine or astemizole.

Food Interaction

  • Take on an empty stomach. Take at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals.

Volume of Distribution

After oral administration, azithromycin is widely distributed in tissues with an apparent steady-state volume of distribution of 31.1 L/kg . Significantly greater azithromycin concentrations have been measured in the tissues rather than in plasma or serum , . The lung, tonsils and prostate are organs have shown a particularly high rate of azithromycin uptake .

This drug is concentrated within macrophages and polymorphonucleocytes, allowing for effective activity against Chlamydia trachomatis . In addition, azithromycin is found to be concentrated in phagocytes and fibroblasts, shown by in vitro incubation techniques. In vivo studies demonstrate that concentration in phagocytes may contribute to azithromycin distribution to inflamed tissues .

Half Life

Terminal elimination half-life: 68 hours

Clearance

Mean apparent plasma cl=630 mL/min (following single 500 mg oral and i.v. dose)

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding use

Pregnancy: US FDA pregnancy category B. In the animal studies, no evidence of harm to the fetus due to Azinaaf was found. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, Azinaaf should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Lactation: It is not known whether Azinaaf is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Azinaaf is administered to nursing mother.

Contraindication

Azinaaf is contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to Azinaaf or any other macrolide antibiotic. Co-administration of ergot derivatives and Azinaaf is contraindicated. Azinaaf is contraindicated in patients with hepatic diseases.

Special Warning

Pediatric Use: Azinaaf oral dosage forms can be administered to pediatric patients from 6 months of age. Safety and effectiveness of azithromycin for injection in children or adolescents under 16 years have not been established.

Acute Overdose

There are no data available on overdose with Azinaaf. Typical symptoms of overdosage with macrolide antibiotics include hearing loss, severe nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Gastric lavage and general supportive measures are indicated.

Interaction with other Medicine

Peak serum levels but not the total extent of absorption were reduced by the presence of magnesium and aluminum-containing antacids. Azinaaf should be taken at least 1 hr before or 2 hrs after these antacids. In patients receiving ergot alkaloids, Azinaaf should be avoided concurrently because of the possibilty of ergotism result in from interaction of Azinaaf with the cytochrome P-450 system However, no cases of such interaction have been reported. Macrolides have been known to increase the plasma concentration of digoxin and cyclosporine. Therefore, if co-administration is necessary caution should be exercised and serum levels of digoxin and cyclosporine should be checked. There have been no pharmacokinetic drug interactions between Azinaaf and warfarin, theophylline, carbamazepine, methylprednisolone and cimetidine.

Storage Condition

Azinaaf IV infusion: When diluted according to the instructions, azithromycin for injection is stable for 24 hours at or below room temperature 30° C, or for 7 days if stored under refrigeration 5° C.

Azinaaf capsule, tablet and dry powder for suspension: should be stored at room temperature (below 30° C). Any unused portion of reconstituted Azinaaf suspension should be discarded after 5 days.

Azinaaf eye drops: Store unopened bottle under refrigeration at 2°C to 8°C. Once the bottle is opened, store at 2°C to 25°C for up to 14 days. Discard after the 14 days.

Innovators Monograph

Azinaaf contains Azithromycin see full prescribing information from innovator Monograph

FAQ

What is Azinaaf used to treat?

Azinaaf is an antibiotic. It's widely used to treat chest infections such as pneumonia, infections of the nose and throat such as sinus infection (sinusitis), skin infections, Lyme disease, and some sexually transmitted infections.

Is Azinaaf a steroid or antibiotic?

Azinaaf is an antibiotic medication used for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

What is the side effect of Azinaaf?

Stomach upset, diarrhea/loose stools, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

How quickly does Azinaaf work?

Azinaaf typically takes at least five days to fully work, but it can start to relieve your sore throat and other symptoms on the first day you take it. If your doctor prescribes a generic version of Azinaaf, your treatment may only last three days.

Who should not take Azinaaf?

The following conditions are contraindicated with this drug. Check with your physician if you have any of the following:

Conditions:

  • diarrhea from an infection with Clostridium difficile bacteria
  • low amount of magnesium in the blood
  • low amount of potassium in the blood
  • myasthenia gravis, a skeletal muscle disorder
  • hearing loss
  • torsades de pointes, a type of abnormal heart rhythm
  • slow heartbeat
  • prolonged QT interval on EKG
  • abnormal EKG with QT changes from birth
  • a narrowing of the opening between the stomach and the small intestine
  • liver problems
  • abnormal liver function tests
  • inflammation of the liver with stoppage of bile flow
  • a yellowing of the eyes or skin from buildup of bilirubin called jaundice

Does Azinaaf kill gut bacteria?

Like all broad-spectrum antibiotics, Azinaaf does not discriminate between pathogenic bacteria and healthy bacteria. Hence, when you take antibiotics to fight an infection, many of the bacteria in your gut are killed too (think of it as collateral damage).

Does Azinaaf make me tired?

Azinaaf oral tablet doesn't cause drowsiness, but it can cause other side effects.

How safe is Azinaaf?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning the public that azithromycin (Zithromax or Zmax) can cause abnormal changes in the electrical activity of the heart that may lead to a potentially fatal irregular heart rhythm.  source

Can Azinaaf treat cold?

Azinaaf is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is a macrolide-type antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This medication will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu).

Can I take Azinaaf during pregnancy?

The safety of Azinaaf during pregnancy is yet to establish. Azinaaf is not recommendable in pregnancy. Ask your doctor before taking this medicine.

Can I take Azinaaf while breastfeeding?

Azinaaf partially passes into human breast milk. If you are taking Azinaaf then stop breastfeeding your baby. It is advised to discard the milk during treatment and until two days after discontinuation of treatment. You can restart breastfeeding thereafter.

Can I drive if I have consumed Azinaaf?

You may drive, but be sure you are not experiencing dizziness before you start driving.

How Does Azinaaf Work?

Azinaaf prevents the growth of bacteria by interfering with their protein synthesis. It binds to a specific part of the bacterial nucleus and inhibits the process required for bacterial growth. Thereby, bacteria are killed, or their growth is stalled depending on the organism and the medicine concentration.