Axicef

Axicef Injection, Tablet, Powder For Suspension

Axicef is a sterile, semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, 3rd generation cephalosporin antibiotic for intravenous or intramuscular administration. The bactericidal activity of Axicef results from inhibition of cell wall synthesis. Axicef has a high degree of stability in the presence of beta-lactamases both penicillinases and cephalosporinases of gram-negative and gram- positive bacteria.

Uses

Axicef is used for the treatment of the following infections when caused by susceptible organisms:

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, E. coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Proteus mirabilis, Serratia marcescens.

Acute Bacterial Otitis Media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (including beta-lactamase producing strains), Moraxella catarrhalis (including beta-lactamase producing strains).

Skin and Skin Structure Infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Viridans group streptococci, E. coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Morganella morganii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Bacteroides fragilis, Peptostreptococcus species.

Urinary Tract Infections (complicated and uncomplicated) caused by E. coli, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Morganella morganii, Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Uncomplicated Gonorrhea (cervical, urethral, pharyngial and rectal) caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, including both penicillinase- and nonpenicillinase-producing strains, and pharyngeal gonorrhea caused by nonpenicillinase-producing strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Bacterial Septicemia caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, E. coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Bone and Joint Infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, E. coli, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter species.

Intra-abdominal Infections caused by E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacteroides fragilis, Clostridium species, Peptostreptococcus species.

Meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae. Axicef has also been used successfully in a limited number of cases of meningitis and shunt infection caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis and E. coli.

Surgical Prophylaxis: The preoperative administration of a single 1 gm dose of Axicef may reduce the incidence of postoperative infections in patients undergoing surgical procedures classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated.

Axicef is also used to associated treatment for these conditions: Arthritis gonococcal, Bacterial Endocarditis, Bacterial Infections, Bacterial Sepsis, Bacterial Sinusitis, Bone and Joint Infections, Brain abscess, Chancroid, Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP), Conjunctivitis gonococcal neonatal, Epididymitis, Epiglottitis, Gonococcal infection of pharynx, Gonococcal pelvic inflammatory disease, Intra-Abdominal Infections, Lower respiratory tract infection bacterial, Lyme Neuroborreliosis, Meningitis, Bacterial, Ophthalmia neonatorum due to gonococcus, Postoperative Infections, Prosthetic Joint Infection, Salmonella Typhi Infection, Septic Arthritis, Shigellosis, Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Bacterial Infections, Syphilis, Vulvovaginitis gonococcal, Whipple Disease, Bacterial otitis media, Complicated Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections, Susceptible Bacterial Infections, Uncomplicated Gonorrhea, Uncomplicated Urinary tract infection bacterial

Axicef

Trade Name Axicef
Generic Ceftriaxone
Ceftriaxone Other Names Ceftriaxona, Ceftriaxone, Ceftriaxonum, Rocephin
Weight 125mg, 250mg, 500mg, 125mg/5ml
Type Injection, Tablet, Powder For Suspension
Formula C18H18N8O7S3
Weight Average: 554.58
Monoisotopic: 554.04605704
Protein binding

Ceftriaxone is 95% protein bound.

Therapeutic Class Third generation Cephalosporins
Manufacturer Numera Life Sciences, Reliance Formulation Pvt Ltd, Andic Lifesciences Pvt Ltd, Unimed Unihealth Mfg, Ltd
Available Country India, Bangladesh
Last Updated: June 23, 2021 at 9:00 am

Structure

Axicef
Ceftriaxone Structure

Dosage

Axicef dosage

Generally, Axicef should be taken once or equally devided twice a day for 4-14 days. Axicef therapy should be continued for at least 2 days after the sign and symptoms of infection have disappeared.

The usual duration of therapy is 4 to 14 days; in complicated infections longer therapy may be required. No dosage adjustment is required for patients with renal or hepatic impairment.

Use the solution immediately after reconstitution of powder.

Side Effects

Generally Axicef is well tolerated. However, few side effects including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness and fever may occur.

Precaution

Axicef should be administered with caution to individuals with a history of gastrointestinal disease, particularly colitis.

Interaction

May increase nephrotoxicity of aminoglycosides. May diminish therapeutic effect of BCG, typhoid vaccine, Na picosulfate. May increase anticoagulant effect of vit K antagonists (e.g. warfarin). May increase serum level with probenecid.

Food Interaction

No interactions found.

Volume of Distribution

The apparent volume of distribution of an intravenous or intramuscular dose in healthy patients is 5.78 to 13.5 L. The volume of distribution of an intravenous or intramuscular dose in septic patients is 6.48 to 35.2 L. Axicef has good enough CSF penetration to be used as an effective treatment of bacterial meningitis.

Half Life

The elimination half-life of ceftriaxone is 5.8-8.7 hours. The half-life of ceftriaxone in the middle ear fluid has been estimated to be 25 hours.

Clearance

The plasma clearance of ceftriaxone in healthy adults receiving a 0.15-3g dose is 0.58 to 1.45 L/hour. The renal clearance of ceftriaxone is 0.32 to 0.73 L/hour. In intensive care unit patients, ceftriaxone's total drug clearance was 0.96L/h (0.55-1.28 L/h), and unbound drug clearance was 1.91 L/h (1.46-6.20 L/h).

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding use

Pregnancy: The safety of Axicef in the treatment of infections during pregnancy has not been established. Axicef should only be used during pregnancy if the likely benefit outweighs the potential risk to the fetus and/or the mother.

Lactation: Axicef is excreted in breast milk at low concentrations. Therefore, caution should be exercised when Axicef is administered to a nursing mother.

Contraindication

Axicef should not be given to patients with a history of hypersensitivity to cephalosporin antibiotics. It is contraindicated in premature infants during the first 6 weeks of life. Its safety in human pregnancy has not been established. Axicef is contraindicated in neonates if they require (or are expected to require) treatment with calcium-containing IV solutions, including continuous calcium containing infusions such as parenteral nutrition because of the risk of precipitation of ceftriaxone-calcium.

Acute Overdose

There is no specific antidote. Treatment of over dosage should be symptomatic.

Storage Condition

Store below 25°C, protected from light & moisture. Use reconstituted solutions immediately. 

Reconstituted solutions are stable for 6 hours at room temperature and for 24 hours at 2°-8°C. It should not be mixed in the same syringe with any drug other than 1% Lidocaine Hydrochloride injection BP (for IM injection only).

Innovators Monograph

Axicef contains Ceftriaxone see full prescribing information from innovator // generic/ceftriaxone/ceftriaxone-sodium-prescribing-information" Monograph

FAQ

What is Axicef used for?

Axicef is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.Axicef is a cephalosporin antibiotic.

What are the common side effects of Axicef?

Common side effects of Axicef include:

  • rash,
  • diarrhea,
  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • upset stomach,
  • blood clots,
  • dizziness,
  • headache,
  • pain or swelling in your tongue,
  • a lump where the medicine was injected,
  • sweating,
  • vaginal itching or discharge,
  • vaginal yeast infection,
  • anemia,
  • changes in taste, or
  • flushing.

How safe is Axicef?

FDA alert states that generally, fatalities have been associated with simultaneous administration of Axicef and calcium-containing products.administration of the two products at different times and via different infusion lines has also been fatal.

Who should not take Axicef?

A type of blood disorder where the red blood cells burst called hemolytic anemia. Liver problems. disease of the gallbladder. Severe renal impairment.

Is Axicef safe during pregnancy?

At first ,Axicef is not harmful for pregnant women.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers Axicef a pregnancy Category B medicine, which means that it has not been studied in pregnant women. However, when studied in pregnant animals, Axicef showed no negative effects on unborn babies.

What are the benefits of Axicef?

Axicef is used to treat many kinds of bacterial infections, including severe or life-threatening forms such as E. coli, pneumonia, or meningitis.Axicef is also used to prevent infection in people having certain types of surgery.

Is Axicef safe during breastfeeding?

Axicef is acceptable in nursing mothers.

Can I take Axicef without food?

Medications can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of Axicef, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.

Which foods should be avoided during treatment with Axicef?

Foods that must be avoided while on antibiotic treatment include grapefruit, foods rich in calcium.

Can I drink alcohol after taking Axicef?

It is best not to drink alcohol for up to 48 hours after the injection.

How many days should Axicef injection be taken?

It is sometimes given as a single dose and sometimes given once or twice a day for 4-14 days, depending on the type of infection being treated.

How long can I take Axicef?

Axicef is sometimes given for up to 14 days. Read and carefully follow any Instructions for Use provided with your medicine.

Can I drive after taking Axicef ?

Axicef can cause dizziness. If you feel dizzy, do not drive or use any tools or machines.

How does Axicef work in the body?

Axicef works by interfering with the formation of bacterial cell walls. Axicef impairs the bonds that hold the bacterial cell wall together, which allows holes to appear in the cell walls.

Where is Axicef injected?

Axicef is injected into a muscle or as an infusion into a vein (IV).

Can I take Axicef without food?

In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of Axicef, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving this medication.