Atimos Modulite

Atimos Modulite Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Food Interaction and all others data.

Atimos Modulite fumarate is a long-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonist (β2-agonist). Inhaled formoterol fumarate acts locally in the lung as a bronchodilator. In vitro studies have shown that formoterol has more than 200-fold greater agonist activity at β2-receptors than at β1-receptors. Although β2-receptors are the predominant adrenergic receptors in bronchial smooth muscle and β1-receptors are the predominant receptors in the heart, there are also β2-receptors in the human heart comprising 10%-50% of the total beta-adrenergic receptors. The precise function of these receptors has not been established, but they raise the possibility that even highly selective β2-agonists may have cardiac effects.

The pharmacologic effects of β2-adrenoceptor agonist drugs, including formoterol, are at least in part attributable to stimulation of intracellular adenyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3', 5'-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP). Increased cyclic AMP levels cause relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from cells, especially from mast cells.

In vitro tests show that formoterol is an inhibitor of the release of mast cell mediators, such as histamine and leukotrienes, from the human lung. Atimos Modulite also inhibits histamine-induced plasma albumin extravasation in anesthetized guinea pigs and inhibits allergen-induced eosinophil influx in dogs with airway hyper-responsiveness. The relevance of these in vitro and animal findings to humans is unknown.

Atimos Modulite works locally in the lungs as a bronchodilator, relaxing smooth muscle and opening up the airways. It possesses both a rapid onset of action (approximately 2-3 minutes) and a long duration of action (up to 12 hours). The use of long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs), such as formoterol, without concomitant inhaled corticosteroids in asthmatic patients should be avoided, as LABA monotherapy has been associated with an increased risk of asthma-related death.

Trade Name Atimos Modulite
Availability Prescription only
Generic Formoterol
Formoterol Other Names Formoterol, Formoterolum
Related Drugs Dupixent, Xolair, ProAir Digihaler, albuterol, montelukast, salmeterol, Symbicort, Singulair, Breo Ellipta, Ventolin
Formula C19H24N2O4
Weight Average: 344.4049
Monoisotopic: 344.173607266
Protein binding

Plasma protein binding to serum albumin in vitro is approximately 31%-38% over a plasma concentration range of 5-500 ng/mL - it should be noted, however, that these concentrations are higher than that seen following inhalation.

Groups Approved, Investigational
Therapeutic Class Long-acting selective β2-adrenoceptor stimulants
Manufacturer Chiesi Limited
Available Country United Kingdom
Last Updated: September 19, 2023 at 7:00 am
Atimos Modulite
Atimos Modulite


Treatment of Asthma: Atimos Modulite Fumarate is used for the treatment of asthma and in the prevention of bronchospasm only as concomitant therapy with a long-term asthma control medication, such as an inhaled corticosteroid, in adults and children 5 years of age and older with reversible obstructive airways disease, including patients with symptoms of nocturnal asthma.

Prevention of Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm: Atimos Modulite Fumarate is also used for the acute prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm in adults and children 5 years of age and older, when administered on an occasional, as-needed basis. Use of Atimos Modulite Fumarate as a single agent for the prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm may be clinically used for patients who do not have persistent asthma. In patients with persistent asthma, use of Atimos Modulite Fumarate for the prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm may be clinically used, but the treatment of asthma should include a long-term asthma control medication, such as an inhaled corticosteroid.

Maintenance Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Atimos Modulite Fumarate is used for the long-term, twice daily (morning and evening) administration in the maintenance treatment of bronchoconstriction in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

Atimos Modulite is also used to associated treatment for these conditions: Asthma, Bronchial Asthma, Bronchoconstriction, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm, Moderate to Severe COPD

How Atimos Modulite works

Atimos Modulite is a relatively selective long-acting agonist of beta2-adrenergic receptors, although it does carry some degree of activity at beta1 and beta3 receptors. Beta2 receptors are found predominantly in bronchial smooth muscle (with a relatively minor amount found in cardiac tissue) whereas beta1 receptors are the predominant adrenergic receptors found in the heart - for this reason, selectivity for beta2 receptors is desirable in the treatment of pulmonary diseases such as COPD and asthma. Atimos Modulite has demonstrated an approximately 200-fold greater activity at beta2 receptors over beta1 receptors.

On a molecular level, activation of beta receptors by agonists like formoterol stimulates intracellular adenylyl cyclase, an enzyme responsible for the conversion of ATP to cyclic AMP (cAMP). The increased levels of cAMP in bronchial smooth muscle tissue result in relaxation of these muscles and subsequent dilation of the airways, as well as inhibition of the release of hypersensitivity mediators (e.g. histamine, leukotrienes) from culprit cells, especially mast cells.


Atimos Modulite dosage

Inhalation Acute bronchospasm; Reversible airways obstruction:

  • As inhalation cap: 12 mcg twice daily, up to 24 meg twice daily in severe cases.
  • As dry powder inhaler: 6 or 12 mcg 1 -2 times/day, up to to 24 mcg twice daily in sever cases. As metered doses from aerosol inhaler: 12 or 24 mcg twice daily.

Prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm: 6 or 12 mcg at least 15 mins before exercise. Additional doses may be given 12 hr later.

Side Effects

Common side effects are Viral infection, Bronchitis, Chest infection, Dyspnea , Chest pain, Tremor, Dizziness, Angina, Arrhythmias, Hypo/hypertension, Tachycardia, Hypokalemia, Hyperglycemia, Metabolic acidosis, Headache, Insomnia, Paradoxical bronchospasm, Severe asthma exacerbation


The oral LD50 in rats is 3130 mg/kg.

Symptoms of overdose are likely consistent with formoterol's adverse effect profile (i.e. consistent with excessive beta-adrenergic stimulation) and may include angina, hyper or hypotension, tachycardia, arrhythmia, nervousness, headache, tremor, seizures, dry mouth, etc. Patients may experience laboratory abnormalities including hypokalemia, hyperglycemia, and metabolic acidosis. Treatment of overdosage should consist of symptomatic and supportive therapy, with a particular focus on cardiac monitoring. Consider the use of a cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker to oppose excessive adrenergic stimulation if clinically appropriate.


Thyrotoxicosis; severe CV disorders e.g. ischaemic heart disease, tachyarrhythmias or severe heart burn; prolonged QT-interval. DM; pregnancy; lactation; children, do not initiate or increase the dose during an exacerbation. May produce paradoxical bronchospasm.


Concomitant treatment with xanthine derivatives, steroids or diuretics may potentiate a possible hypokalaemic effect of beta-agonists. Increased susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias in patients treated with digitalis. Concomitant use with quinidine, disopyramide, procainamide, phenothiazines, antihistamines, MAOI or TCAs can prolong the QT-interval and increase the risk of ventricular arrhythmias. L-dopa, L-thyroxine, oxytocin and alcohol can impair cardiac tolerance towards beta2-sympathomimetics. beta-adrenergic blockers can inhibit the effect of formoterol. Increased risk of arrhythmias in patients receiving concomitant anaesthesia with halogenated hydrocarbons.

Food Interaction

No interactions found.

Atimos Modulite Hypertension interaction

[Moderate] Adrenergic bronchodilators can stimulate cardiovascular beta- 1 and beta- 2 receptors, resulting in adverse effects such as tachycardia, palpitation, peripheral vasodilation, blood pressure changes, and ECG changes (e.g., flattening of the T wave; prolongation of the QT interval; ST segment depression).

Direct stimulation of cardiac tissues is mediated by beta- 1 receptors and thus less likely to occur with beta-2-selective agents such as albuterol.

However, beta-2-selectivity is not absolute and can be lost with larger doses.

High dosages of these agents have been associated with precipitation or aggravation of angina, myocardial ischemia, and cardiac arrhythmias.

Therapy with adrenergic bronchodilators should be administered cautiously in patients with sensitivity to sympathomimetic amines, hyperthyroidism, and

The recommended dosages should not be exceeded.

Atimos Modulite Disease Interaction

Moderate: cardiovascular, diabetes, hypokalemia, seizures

Elimination Route

The pulmonary bioavailability of formoterol has been estimated to be about 43% of the delivered dose, while the total systemic bioavailability is approximately 60% of the delivered dose (as systemic bioavailability accounts for absorption in the gut).

Atimos Modulite is rapidly absorbed into plasma following inhalation. In healthy adults, formoterol Tmax ranged from 0.167 to 0.5 hours. Following a single dose of 10 mcg, Cmax and AUC were 22 pmol/L and 81 pmol.h/L, respectively. In asthmatic adult patients, Tmax ranged from 0.58 to 1.97 hours. Following single-dose administration of 10mcg, Cmax and AUC0-12h were 22 pmol/L and 125 pmol.h/L, respectively; following multiple-dose administration of 10 mcg, Cmax and AUC0-12h were 41 pmol/L and 226 pmol.h/L, respectively. Absorption appears to be proportional to dose across standard dosing ranges.

Half Life

The average terminal elimination half-life of formoterol following inhalation is 7-10 hours, depending on the formulation given. The plasma half-life of formoterol has been estimated to be 3.4 hours following oral administration and 1.7-2.3 hours following inhalation.


Renal clearance of formoterol following inhalation is approximately 157 mL/min.

Elimination Route

Elimination differs depending on the route and formulation administered. Following oral administration in 2 healthy subjects, approximately 59-62% and 32-34% of an administered dose was eliminated in the urine and feces, respectively. Another study which attempted to mimic inhalation via combined intravenous/oral administration noted approximately 62% of the administered dose in the urine and 24% in the feces. Following inhalation in patients with asthma, approximately 10% and 15-18% of the administered dose was excreted in urine as unchanged parent drug and direct formoterol glucuronides, respectively, and corresponding values in patients with COPD were 7% and 6-9%, respectively.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding use

Pregnancy Category-C. Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks

Lactation: Not known if it is excreted in breast milk or not.



Storage Condition

Prior to dispensing: Store in a refrigerator, 2°C to 8°C

After dispensing to patient: Store at 20°C to 25°C

Innovators Monograph

You find simplified version here Atimos Modulite

Atimos Modulite contains Formoterol see full prescribing information from innovator Atimos Modulite Monograph, Atimos Modulite MSDS, Atimos Modulite FDA label

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