Anema Rectal Saline
It acts as a saline laxative when administered by the rectal route. Fluid accumulation in the lower bowel produces distension and promotes peristalsis and bowel movement on the rectum, sigmoid and descending colon. These phenomena results in rapid evacuation.
For the relief of occasional constipation. For use where bowel cleansing is required, such as before and after lower bowel surgery, delivery and post-partum, before proctoscopy, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy and before radiological examinations of the lower bowel.
|Generic||Diabasic Sodium Phosphate + Monobasic Sodium Phosphate|
|Therapeutic Class||Enema & bowel cleansing solution|
|Manufacturer||Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd|
|Last Updated:||June 23, 2021 at 11:19 am|
Table Of contents
Adults, Elderly and Children over 12 years old: 118 ml delivered dose, not more than once daily or as directed by a physician. Additional liquids by mouth are recommended. Encourage patients to drink large amounts of clear liquids to prevent dehydration.
Phosphate Enema is well tolerated when used as indicated. However, adverse events possibly associated with the use of phosphate enema have been infrequently reported. In some cases, adverse events may occur, especially if the enema is misused.
Use with caution in patients, with impaired renal function, with pre-existing electrolyte disturbances or who are taking diuretics which may affect electrolyte levels, Who are taking medications known to prolong the QT interval, Ascites, With a colostomy.
Use with caution in patients taking calcium channel blockers, diuretics, lithium treatment or other medications that might affect electrolyte levels as hyperphosphataemia, hypocalcaemia, hypokalae- mia, hypernatraemic dehydration and acidosis may occur. No other sodium phosphate preparations including sodium phosphate oral solution or tablets should be given concomitantly. As hypernatraemia is associated with lower lithium levels, concomitant use of this medicine and lithium therapy could lead to a fall in serum lithium levels with a lessening of effectiveness.
Pregnancy & Breastfeeding use
As there is no relevant data available to evaluate the potential for fetal malformation or other feto-toxic effects when administered during pregnancy it should only be used as directed by a physician at the time of delivery or postpartum. As sodium phosphate may pass into the breast milk, it is advised that breast milk is expressed and discarded for at least 24 hours after receiving this medicine.
Do not use in patients with, Congestive heart failure, impairment of renal function, gastrointestinal obstruction, Megacolon, Paralytic ileus, Perforation, Active inflammatory bowel disease, Imperforate anus, Dehydration, Children under 2 years of age, Hypersensitivity to active ingredients or to any of the excipients of the product.
Using more than 133 ml in 24 hours can be harmful. In case of excessive dose, recovery from the toxic effects can normally be achieved by rehydration. Treatment of electrolyte imbalance may require immediate medical intervention with appropriate electrolyte and fluid replacement therapy.
Store below 25° C. Protect from light. Do not refrigerate. Keep out of the reach of children.
Anema contains Diabasic Sodium Phosphate + Monobasic Sodium Phosphate see full prescribing information from innovator Monograph