Apcetrim Tablet

Apcetrim Tablet is manufactured by APC Pharma Ltd. Apcetrim Tablet contains 800 mg+160 mg Cotrimoxazole (Sulphamethoxazole + Trimethoprim). It is Anti-diarrhoeal Antimicrobial drugs, Sulphonamides & Trimethoprim class drug.

Cotrimoxazole is a mixture of the sulphonamides sulphamethoxazole with trimethoprim in the proportions of 5 to 1. The two components act synergistically to produce a bactericidal or bacteriostatic action against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative organism and some protozoa.

Cotrimoxazole is a mixture of the sulphonamides sulphamethoxazole with trimethoprim in the proportions of 5 to 1. The two components act synergistically to produce a bactericidal or bacteriostatic action against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms and some protozoa. It is also active against pneumocystis carinii. Sulphamethoxazole inhibits the enzyme dihydropteroate reductase, which catalyzes the reduction of folic acid to dihydrofolic acid whilst trimethoprim prevents the reduction of dihydrofolic acid to tetrahydrofolic acid by competitive inhibition of dihydrofolate reductase, thereby interfering with cell replication.

Both drugs are rapidly and almost completely absorbed from the bowel reaching peak plasma concentrations 1-4 hours after ingestion. Sulphamethoxazole is 65% and trimethoprim is 40% protein bound.

Uses

Cotrimoxazole is used for-

  • Respiratory tract infections: Acute and chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, lobar and bronchopneumoniae, pneumocystis carinii pneumonitis, otitis media and sinusitis.
  • Genito-urinary tract infections: Urethritis, cystitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, gonorrhoea.
  • Skin infections: Pyoderma, abscess and wound infections.
  • Other bacterial infections: Acute and chronic osteomyelitis, acute brucellosis, septicaemias, nocardiosis and other infections caused by susceptible organisms.
Brand Name: Apcetrim
Generic: Cotrimoxazole (Sulphamethoxazole + Trimethoprim)
Weight: 800 mg+160 mg
Type: Tablet
Therapeutic Class: Anti-diarrhoeal Antimicrobial drugs, Sulphonamides & Trimethoprim
Manufacturer: APC Pharma Ltd
Price: 2.80
Last Updated: November 20, 2020 at 6:15 pm

Dosage

Apcetrim contains Cotrimoxazole (Sulphamethoxazole + Trimethoprim) 800 mg+160 mg. Apcetrim Dosage:

Cotrimoxazole double strength tablet: Over 12 years

  • For mild to moderate infections: 1 tablet twice daily.
  • For severe infections: 1.5 tablets twice daily.
  • Long term therapy (>14 days): 0.5 tablet twice daily.
  • Gonorrhoea: 2 tablets every 12 hours for two days or 2.5 tablets followed by a further dose of 2.5 tablets after 8 hours.

Cotrimoxazole tablet: over 12 years

  • For mild to moderate infections: 2 tablets twice daily.
  • For severe infections: 2 tablets thrice daily.
  • Long term therapy: (>14 days): 1 tablet twice daily.

Cotrimoxazole suspension: Under 12 years

  • 6-12 years: 2 teaspoonful twice daily.
  • 6 month-5 years: 1 teaspoonful twice daily.
  • 6 weeks-6 months: 0.5 teaspoonful twice daily.

 

Side Effects

At the recommended dose side effects are rare and mild. About 75% of the untoward effects involve the skin. Exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell's syndrome) are rare. Nausea and vomiting constitute the bulk gastrointestinal reactions. Diarrhoea, glossitis, and stomatitis are uncommon. Hematological reactions include various types of anemia, granulocytopenia, purpura and agranulocytosis.

Precaution

Prolonged full dose treatment with sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim combination is associated with the risk of macrocytic anaemia due to the drug’s interference in the conversion of Folic acid into Folinic acid. If this occurs, it can be reversed by giving Folinic acid. Care should be taken when giving this combination to diabetic patients receiving sulphonylurea drug for possible potentiation of action of sulphonylurea

Apcetrim

Interaction

 

Pregnancy Lactation use

Pregnancy category-D. Pregnancy and during the nursing period, because sulphonamides pass the placenta and are excreted in the breast milk and may cause kernicterus.

Contraindication

Hypersensitivity to trimethoprim or sulphonamides, Patients with documented megaloblastic anaemia due to folate deficiency, Patients showing marked liver parenchymal damage, blood dyscrasia, severe renal insufficiency, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.

Special Warning

 

Acute Overdose

Symptoms: Dizziness, nausea, vomiting, rashes, headache, ataxia, drowsiness, dysuria, facial swelling, weakness and confusion, bone marrow depression, slight elevations of serum aminotransferases. 

Management: Supportive and symptomatic treatment. Empty stomach immediately by inducing emesis or by lavage. Observe the patient for at least 4 hr and monitor urea and electrolytes with FBC. Give fluids to maintain a good urine output. May give Ca leucovirin 5-10 mg/day to counteract any adverse effects of trimethoprim on bone marrow or Ca folinate 3-6 mg for 5-7 days orally or by IM inj.

Interaction with other Medicine

 

Storage Condition

 

FAQ

What is Apcetrim used to treat?

Apcetrim is used to treat certain bacterial infections, such as pneumonia (a lung infection), bronchitis (infection of the tubes leading to the lungs), and infections of the urinary tract, ears, and intestines. It also is used to treat 'travelers' diarrhea.

How many days should I take Apcetrim?

Apcetrim should be taken for at least five days. Make sure that you finish the course of Apcetrim which your doctor has prescribed.

How fast does Apcetrim work?

The recommended treatment lasts 21 days. It may be possible to switch to tablet form of Septrin if you respond well to the treatment. It may take five to seven days before you start to feel better. You may also be given a steroid, prednisone, to relieve your symptoms.

What bacteria does Apcetrim kill?

Apcetrim can be used to treat or prevent: Lung infections (pneumonia or PJP) caused by a bacteria called Pneumocystis jirovecii. Infections caused by a bacteria called Toxoplasma (toxoplasmosis).

Is Apcetrim a penicillin?

Apcetrim is a combination antibiotic. It can be taken by people who are allergic to penicillin, but it is not suitable for people who are allergic to sulfonamides.

Can Apcetrim cure UTI?

Treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance. Because of the high concentration of the drug in the urine and the favorable course of uncomplicated cystitis, a 3-day treatment of Apcetrim can be given to patients with this disease.

What happens if I use too much Apcetrim?

If you use too much Apcetrim cream, spray or solution or use it more often than you need to, it may make your skin red or irritated. If this happens, use less the next time.

Who can use Apcetrim?

Apcetrim cream, spray and solution can be used by most adults and children.

Who cannot use Apcetrim?

Apcetrim is not suitable for everyone. To make sure it's safe for you, tell a doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to Apcetrim or any other medicines in the past.

How to use Apcetrim?

Apply Apcetrim to the affected area 2 to 3 times a day. It will work better if you use it 3 times a day.

If the affected area is large or hairy, it's best to use either the spray or solution.

If you're using Apcetrim on your feet, make sure you wash and thoroughly dry your feet, especially between your toes, before applying Apcetrim.

How to use Apcetrim cream?

Apply Apcetrim cream to the affected area. Use the cream on your skin only. A strip of cream (0.5cm long) is enough to treat an area the size of your hand. Avoid putting it near your mouth, lips and eyes.

How to use Apcetrim spray?

If you're using the Apcetrim spray for the first time, prepare the spray by pressing the spray head down once or twice. Hold and spray about 15cm away from the affected area.

How to use Apcetrim solution?

Apply Apcetrim solution thinly and evenly to the affected areas.

A few drops of Apcetrim solution should be enough to cover an area the size of a hand.

If your ear is infected, put 2 to 3 drops of Apcetrim solution into your ear.

What if I forget to use Apcetrim?

If you forget to use Apcetrim, do not worry. Just apply it as soon as you remember and then keep following your usual routine.

What is the Side effects of Apcetrim?

Like all medicines, Apcetrim can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them. Side effects usually go away when you stop using it.

At the recommended dose side effects are rare and mild. About 75% of the untoward effects involve the skin. Exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell's syndrome) are rare. Nausea and vomiting constitute the bulk gastrointestinal reactions. Diarrhoea, glossitis, and stomatitis are uncommon. Hematological reactions include various types of anemia, granulocytopenia, purpura and agranulocytosis.

Is Apcetrim safe in pregnancy?

Apcetrim is generally considered safe to use during pregnancy.

Is Apcetrim safe when breastfeeding?

Apcetrim is generally considered safe to use while you're breastfeeding.

If your baby is being treated for oral thrush you can carry on breastfeeding but you'll need to be treated at the same time. Apply Apcetrim cream on and around your nipples after each time you breastfeed your baby.

How does Apcetrim work?

Apcetrim works by killing the fungus (yeast) that is causing the infection.

Apcetrim kills fungus by causing holes to appear in its cell membrane and the contents leak out. This kills the fungus and treats the infection.

How long does Apcetrim take to work?

The symptoms of fungal infections, such as itching or soreness, should get better within a few days of treatment. Red and scaly skin may take longer to get better.

You may need treatment for 1 to 4 weeks.

Keep using Apcetrim for 2 weeks even if your symptoms have gone. This will stop the infection coming back.

Talk to a doctor if your symptoms do not get better within 7 days.

What if Apcetrim does not work?

Talk to a doctor if your symptoms do not get better within 7 days. You may need a longer course of treatment or a stronger medicine.

Is Apcetrim safe to use for a long time?

Do not use Apcetrim cream, spray or solution for more than 4 weeks, unless a doctor tells you to.

A fungal infection can become resistant to Apcetrim, which means it will no longer work properly.

Are there other similar medicines like as Apcetrim?

There are other antifungal medicines that are similar to Apcetrim, including:

These are all available to buy from a pharmacy.

Will Apcetrim affect my contraception?

Apcetrim will not affect the combined pill or emergency contraception.

Will Apcetrim affect my fertility?

Apcetrim treatments have no effect on the fertility of men or women.

Can lifestyle changes help fungal infections?

If you have a fungal skin infection, these tips may help:

  • do not scratch the area with the infection as this will damage the surface of the skin and the infection could spread.
  • keep the affected areas of skin clean.
  • keep the affected areas of skin dry where possible, but do not rub too much with a towel.
  • do not share towels with other people as you could spread the infection to them.
  • always wash your hands after treating the infection to stop it from spreading.